Introduction to Troy, New York

Troy is located in the western portion of Rensselaer County, situated on the east bank of the Hudson River. The city of Albany is nearby. Troy is recognized as the terminus for the New York Barge Canal and is considered to be a major distribution center. Troy city is surrounded by countryside and is home to numerous historic Victorian style buildings.


The area was included in the Van Rensselaer Grant of 1629. The region was named Troy in 1789 after the city of Troy featured in Homer's Iliad. Troy was recognized as a village in 1801 and was established as a city in 1816. During a significant portion of the 19th century and continuing to the early stages of the 20th century Troy was considered to be one of the wealthiest cities in the country. A primary factor regarding the prosperity of Troy was the steel industry.

Troy was also a major center for the production of shirts. The vast labor force that was necessary for the shirt industry led to the creation of the first female labor union. The prosperity of Troy significantly declined due to the iron and steel companies moving to Pennsylvania. A decline in the shirt industry was also a noteworthy factor. When Prohibition was established, Troy became a significant part of the trading of illegal alcohol from Canada to New York City.

Troy was the home of legendary Samuel Wilson, better known as Uncle Sam, the human symbol of the United States of America.


Troy is host to the Troy Flag Day Parade which is recognized as one of the largest of its kind in the country. The River Street Festival features arts and crafts and a variety of music and occurs in June on a yearly basis. "Troy Night Out" occurs in the downtown area once a month. Restaurants feature live music, galleries and shops are open late. The downtown area is filled with people having a good time. Other events in Troy include:

  • The Uncle Sam Parade
  • The Classics Project
  • The Victorian Stroll


A variety of landmarks are located in the Troy city area including:

  • Oakwood Cemetery
  • Country Club of Troy
  • Houston Field House
  • Troy Savings Music Hall
  • Troy Public Library

Higher Education

Troy city is home to the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), Hudson Valley Community College. RPI is a private research university and was established in 1824. The institute is recognized for achievements in transferring technological developments from the laboratory to the marketplace.


Total Population 49,933
Male Share of the Population 49.4%
Female Share of the Population 50.6%
Senior Citizens 11.3%
Employed Population 16+ 21,942
Age of the Population 31


% of people married 28%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 25.2%
Median Earnings25+ $32,131
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $14,046
Median Earnings With High School Degree $27,405


Median Family Income $49,063
% Above Poverty Level 73.9%
% Below Poverty Level 26.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 20 minutes
% Working from Home 2.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 12.1%
% Using Public Transportation 5.8%


People Living Alone 38%
Median Gross Rent $842
Median House Value $143,800


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 30.7%
US/American 0.7%
English 6.9%
Irish 20.9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Troy Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 6 miles NE of Albany, New York (center to center)
Nearest Large City 136 miles W of Boston, Massachusetts
County Rensselaer
Metro Area Albany - Schenectady - Troy
Standard Zip Codes 12180, 12182, 12183
P.O. Box Zip Codes 12181
Company Zip Codes 12179
Phone Area Codes 518
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.728
Longitude -73.692

Troy Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.6 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 32 F
Apr Temp 37 to 58 F
Jul Temp 63 to 84 F
Oct Temp 40 to 62 F
Annual Precip 37.8 inches
Distance 5.7 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 31 F
Apr Temp 36 to 57 F
Jul Temp 60 to 82 F
Oct Temp 39 to 60 F
Annual Precip 38.6 inches
Distance 12.1 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 29 F
Apr Temp 34 to 54 F
Jul Temp 58 to 78 F
Oct Temp 39 to 57 F
Annual Precip 46.4 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Troy, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Albia (12180)

Brunswick (12180)

Center Brunswick (12180)

Eagle Mills (12180)

Lansingburg (12182)

Pleasantdale (12182)

Raymertown (12180)

Snyders Corners (12180)

Snyders Lake (12180)

Speigletown (12180, 12182)

Sycaway (12180)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Cohoes 16,281 $57,595
Waterford 8,412 $72,207

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Troy Public Libraries

Troy Public Library
Troy, New York
(518) 274-7071
Library Web Site
Brunswick Community Library
Troy, New York
(518) 279-4023
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Troy Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(518) 271-3225
Emergency Service: Yes

(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
(518) 272-5000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Troy High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,556 students.

Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 745 students.

3992 N Y RT 2
Serves 445 students.

Additional Details
Troy Colleges
Troy colleges and trade schools.
Troy Graduate Schools
Troy Graduate and Business Schools
Study Online in Troy
Historic Troy


Court house (Troy) c1905

Select a photo to view (Source):

Court house (Troy) c1905

High school (Troy) 1905 (est.)

Public Library (Troy) c1905

Additional Resources
Info for Troy Government Officials

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