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Overview

Introduction to Cleveland, Ohio

Cleveland, located in northeast Ohio on Lake Erie, was founded in 1796 by and named after Moses Cleaveland, and incorporated as a city in 1836. The Ohio and Erie canals, railroad development and an abundance of natural resources (like iron and oil), brought dramatic industrial growth to the new city. During the Civil war, Cleveland was an important supply center. The thriving factories of Cleveland attracted an influx of immigrants from Ireland, Germany and Eastern Europe. After World War I, Cleveland saw a rise in its African-American population. In 1967, Cleveland became the first major US city to elect an African-American mayor.

Like many of America's older industrial American cities, Cleveland withstood declining prosperity and loss of population in the second half of the 20th century. Recent re-investment in the downtown area (like new stadiums for its sports teams, the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame and shopping arcades) has revitalized the city. Though still a manufacturing town, Cleveland's economy is now more diversified, with research firms, law firms and the health care industry among its leading employers. The city is a hub for two major airlines.

Cleveland Culture

Cleveland's Severance Hall hosts concerts of the internationally-renowned Cleveland Orchestra. In Wade Park are the Cleveland Museum of Art and the Fine Arts Garden. The city is also home to the Cleveland Opera and the new Rock & Roll Museum. The Cleveland Shakespeare Festival is held each June through July. Other cultural attractions include the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, the Crawford Auto Aviation Museum, the Western Reserve Historical Society Museum and the African American Museum. An hour away in Canton is the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

Cleveland Sports and Leisure

Sports fans in Cleveland can root for three major league teams. Jacobs Field, considered one of the finest ballparks in baseball, is the downtown home of the Cleveland Indians. Adjacent is 20,000-seat Gund Arena, hosting home games of the NBA's Cleveland Cavaliers, the WNBA's Rockers and the AHL's Barons. On the shores of Lake Erie, the Cleveland Browns play at Cleveland Browns Stadium.

Cleveland Outdoors

There's plenty of outdoor recreation available within a short distance from Cleveland. More than 275 miles of bikeable trails traverse the northeast Ohio area. The 14 Cleveland Metroparks Reservations and the Cuyahoga Valley National Park offer a combined 52,000 acres for a wide array of activities. Some of the best walleye, perch and bass fishing in the world can be found right in Lake Erie. Steelhead trout, salmon and bass are abundant in the Chagrin, Rocky and Cuyahoga Rivers.

Ohio offers great golfing, with three courses within a 2-hour drive. In the winter, skiing is a short drive away: Alpine Valley, 16 miles from Cleveland in Chesterland, offers downhill skiing, snowboarding and snow tubing. Their XTreme Park has Ohio's largest half-pipe and many slopes just for snowboarders.

Cleveland at Night

Things are looking up in Cleveland. Once the butt of jokes, the city is now one of the most fun places in the country. Cleveland's nightlife is centered in its downtown area. The Warehouse District is among the best places in the city to see live music.

People

Total Population 390,584
Male Share of the Population 47.8%
Female Share of the Population 52.2%
Senior Citizens 12.7%
Employed Population 16+ 143,847
Age of the Population 36

Families

% of people married 25.3%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 15.6%
Median Earnings25+ $26,559
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $15,545
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,749

Wealth

Median Family Income $32,455
% Above Poverty Level 63.8%
% Below Poverty Level 36.2%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 24 minutes
% Working from Home 2.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 5.7%
% Using Public Transportation 10.5%

Housing

People Living Alone 42.5%
Median Gross Rent $654
Median House Value $69,600

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 60.8%
US/American 0%
English 3%
Irish 8.8%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Cleveland Almanac

Category Value
County Cuyahoga
Standard Zip Codes 44102, 44103, 44104, 44105, 44106, 44107, 44108, 44109, 44110, 44111, 44112, 44113, 44114, 44115, 44116, 44117, 44118, 44119, 44120, 44121, 44122, 44123, 44124, 44125, 44126, 44127, 44128, 44129, 44130, 44131, 44132, 44133, 44134, 44135, 44136, 44137, 44138, 44139, 44140, 44141, 44142, 44143, 441
P.O. Box Zip Codes 44101, 44181, 44199
Company Zip Codes 44178, 44185, 44188, 44189, 44190, 44191, 44192, 44193, 44194, 44195, 44197, 44198
Phone Area Codes 440
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 41.499
Longitude -81.695

Cleveland Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station CLEVELAND HOPKNS INTL AP
Distance 10.6 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 33 F
Apr Temp 38 to 57 F
Jul Temp 62 to 81 F
Oct Temp 44 to 61 F
Annual Precip 38.7 inches
Station CHARDON
Distance 27.1 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 32 F
Apr Temp 34 to 56 F
Jul Temp 58 to 80 F
Oct Temp 39 to 60 F
Annual Precip 47.3 inches
Station OBERLIN
Distance 31.5 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 32 F
Apr Temp 36 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 83 F
Oct Temp 40 to 63 F
Annual Precip 36.2 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Cleveland, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Briggs (44134)

Brookpark (44142)

Edgewater (44107)

Garfield (44125)

Lyn May (44124)

Lyndhurst Mayfield (44124)

Mayfield Village (44143)

Midpark (44130)

Noble (44132)

Oakwood Village (44146)

Orange Village (44146, 44122, 44128)

Parkview (44126)

Riveredge (44135)

Shore (44123)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Bratenahl 1,153 $115,278
Brooklyn 11,002 $51,116
Brooklyn Heights 1,526 $72,708
Cuyahoga Heights 616 $61,750
Lakewood 51,155 $62,835

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Cleveland Public Libraries

Library
Cleveland Public Library
325 SUPERIOR AVE.
Cleveland, Ohio
(216) 623-2800
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Cleveland Hospitals

CLEVELAND CLINIC FOUNDATION - H18
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
9500 EUCLID AVE
(216) 444-2200
Emergency Service: Yes

UNIVERSITY HOSPITALS OF CLEVELAND
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
11100 EUCLID AVENUE
(216) 844-1000
Emergency Service: Yes

METRO HEALTH MEDICAL CENTER
(Government - Local)
2500 METROHEALTH DRIVE
(216) 778-7800
Emergency Service: Yes

FAIRVIEW HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
18101 LORAIN AVE
(216) 476-7367
Emergency Service: Yes

HURON HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
13951 TERRACE RD
(216) 761-3300
Emergency Service: Yes

LUTHERAN HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1730 WEST 25TH STREET
(216) 696-4300
Emergency Service: Yes

ST VINCENT CHARITY HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
2351 EAST 22ND STREET
(216) 861-6200
Emergency Service: Yes

Louis Stokes VA Medical Center
(VA)
10701 East Boulevard
(216) 791-3800
Emergency Service:

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Click the Request Info buttons to request more information from a representative at the school.

 
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Cleveland High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

JOHN MARSHALL HIGH SCHOOL
3952 W 140TH ST
216-251-5740
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 2,046 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.6

MAYFIELD HIGH SCHOOL
6116 WILSON MILLS RD
440-995-6900
Serves 2,041 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.6

JOHN F KENNEDY HIGH SCHOOL
17100 HARVARD AVE
216-921-1450
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 2,014 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.6

COLLINWOOD HIGH SCHOOL
15210 SAINT CLAIR AVE
216-451-8782
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,933 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.6

JAMES FORD RHODES HIGH SCHOOL
5100 BIDDULPH AVE
216-351-6285
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,758 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.8

SOUTH HIGH SCHOOL
7415 BROADWAY AVE
216-641-0410
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,712 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.2

GLENVILLE HIGH SCHOOL
650 E 113TH ST
216-268-6000
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,663 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.1

LINCOLN-WEST HIGH SCHOOL
3202 W 30TH ST
216-631-1505
A Title I School.
Serves 1,571 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.3

MIDPARK HIGH SCHOOL
7000 PAULA DR
216-676-8400
Serves 1,339 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.9

EAST TECHNICAL HIGH SCHOOL
2439 E 55TH ST
216-431-2626
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,315 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.4

EAST HIGH SCHOOL
1349 E 79TH ST
216-431-5361
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,242 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.4

MARTIN LUTHER KING JR HIGH SCHOOL
1651 E 71ST ST
216-431-6858
A Title I School.
Serves 949 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.2

INTERNATIONAL PREPARATORY
10701 SHAKER BLVD
216-791-2602
A Charter School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 838 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.3

CLEVELAND SCHOOL OF THE ARTS HIGH SCHOOL
2064 STEARNS RD
216-791-2496
A Title I School.
Serves 702 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.5

MAX S HAYES HIGH SCHOOL
4600 DETROIT AVE
216-631-1528
A Title I School.
Serves 642 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 9.9

JANE ADDAMS BUSINESS CAREERS HIGH SCHOOL
2373 E 30TH ST
216-621-2131
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 626 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.9

LIFE SKILLS CTR OF CLEVELAND
4600 CARNEGIE AVE
216-431-7571
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 619 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 32.1

LIFE SKILLS CTR OF LAKE ERIE
9200 MADISON AVE
216-631-1090
A Charter School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 576 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 41.1

OPTION COMPLEX HS
1800 E 63RD ST
216-476-6875
A Title I School.
Serves 455 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.7

HEALTH CAREERS CENTER HIGH SCHOOL
1740 E 32ND ST
216-579-9984
A Title I School.
Serves 437 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.5

HORIZON SCIENCE ACAD CLEVELAND
6000 S MARGINAL RD
216-432-3660
A Charter School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 370 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 308.3

CUYAHOGA HTS HIGH SCHOOL
4820 E 71ST ST
216-429-5707
Serves 265 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.2

CLEVELAND EXTENSION HIGH SCHOOL
4600 DETROIT AVE
216-651-3840
Serves 222 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.5

HALLE (CLC) HIGH SCHOOL
7901 HALLE AVE
216-961-2003
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 143 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.2

JESSE OWENS ACADEMY (CLC) HIGH SCHOOL
11711 LARCHMERE BLVD
216-707-5153
A Title I School.
Serves 79 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.1

POLARIS CAREER CENTER
7285 OLD OAK BLVD
440-891-7600
A Vocational School

Additional Details
Cleveland Colleges
Cleveland colleges and trade schools.
Cleveland Graduate Schools
Cleveland Graduate and Business Schools
Cleveland Careers
Cleveland career and employment information.
Study Online in Cleveland
Historic Cleveland

photo

Hotel Euclid c1905.

Select a photo to view (Source):

Hotel Euclid c1905.

Colonial Hotel ca. 1900

Williamson Building between 1900 and 1906

Additional Resources
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