Introduction to Youngstown, Ohio
Youngstown is located along the Mahoning River in Mahoning County. The city is situated on the Allegheny Plateau. Youngstown has been well known for steel production, however the industry went into a significant decline during the 1970s. The municipality was named in tribute to John Young who founded the first sawmill and gristmill in the area.
Immigrants from Wales, Ireland and Germany came to Youngstown in search of work in the flourishing coal industry. By the mid-19th century the town was home to several iron industrial factories. At the beginning of the 20th century, due to enormous deposits of coal and iron and hardwood forests, Youngstown became the location of a prominent steel industry. In 1901 U.S. Steel was established in the city. During the late 1930s the "Little Steel Strike" occurred which has been recognized as a major event in the history of the labor movement in the country. The effect of the strike was to essentially convert local industrial unions who had not accumulated much power into national collective bargaining powerhouses for some of the country's workers.
Between the 1930s and the 1960s, Youngstown was a prominent center for industry and featured huge furnaces and numerous foundries. However, when a significant number of the factories closed down during the 1970s the economy was severely weakened. In 1969 Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company and Lykes Corporation, based in New Orleans, merged which led to the closing down of a significant part of Youngstown Steel and Tube. This event has been recognized as a major factor in the destruction of the local steel industry which significantly harmed the economy in the area.
The Western Reserve Transit Authority provides bus services and Lansdowne Airport offers air transportation. The primary airport in the area is the Youngstown-Warren Regional Airport. The majority of the residents of Youngstown utilize larger airports such as Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Pittsburgh International Airport and the Akron-Canton Regional Airport.
- The Chevrolet Centre is the location of hockey games, ice shows, arena football games and other types of events.
- Powers Auditorium is recognized as the prominent music hall in the city.
- Stambaugh Auditorium offers concerts and other events.
- Youngstown Playhouse
- Butler Institute of American Art is located on the Youngstown State University campus.
- McDonough Museum of Art
- Arms Family Museum of Local History
- The popular Mill Creek Park includes the Fellows Riverside Gardens, Lanterman's Mill, Cinderella Iron Link Bridge, the interesting rock formations located in Bear's Den Meadows, lakes, trails and woodlands.
- Wick Park
The city is home to Youngstown State University. A branch of Kent State University is located in the area.