Introduction to Carlisle, Pennsylvania

Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in Cumberland county, is 48 miles W of Lancaster, Pennsylvania (center to center) and 68 miles NW of Baltimore, Maryland. The town is located in the Harrisburg - Lebanon - Carlisle area.

Carlisle History

The community of Carlisle, which was founded in 1751 by a group of Scots-Irish immigrants, was named after the town of Carlisle in England. The community was originally part of Lancaster County, and was officially incorporated on April 13, 1782. It was an important location during the Whiskey Rebellion when George Washington's troops assembled in Carlisle. In the Battle of Carlisle, on July 1, 1863, the community suffered an artillery attack launched by the Confederates. The Carlisle Indian Industrial School, established in the late 1870s, trained Native Americans to be "civilized" in accordance with the ways of white men. Among the well known residents of Carlisle were the Revolutionary War heroine Molly Pitcher, and the Olympic athlete Jim Thorpe.

Carlisle and Nearby Attractions

  • John Harris Mansion
  • State Museum of Pennsylvania
  • Little Buffalo State Park
  • Kings Gap Environmental Education and Training Center
  • Williams Grove Amusement Park

Things To Do In Carlisle

The State Museum of Pennsylvania houses over 3 million artifacts depicting the history of Pennsylvania. The Freight Station Museum is another museum showcasing exhibits of historical significance. The National Apple Museum includes a recreated 19th century farm kitchen and early orchard photographs. Recreational activities like boating, fishing, swimming, hiking, biking, horseback riding, camping, and picnicking can be enjoyed at the Gifford Pinchot State Park, Colonel Denning State Park, Caledonia State Park, and Little Buffalo State Park.

Carlisle Transportation

Air transportation is available from the Harrisburg International Airport.

Carlisle Higher Education

Carlisle is home to the Penn State Dickinson School of Law, Dickinson College, and U.S. Army War College. Messiah College, and Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania are nearby.


Total Population 18,945
Male Share of the Population 48.5%
Female Share of the Population 51.5%
Senior Citizens 15.1%
Employed Population 16+ 9,312
Age of the Population 33


% of people married 38.1%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 35.1%
Median Earnings25+ $32,628
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $15,614
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,134


Median Family Income $58,222
% Above Poverty Level 81.2%
% Below Poverty Level 18.8%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 18 minutes
% Working from Home 3.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 14.6%
% Using Public Transportation 1.4%


People Living Alone 36.3%
Median Gross Rent $802
Median House Value $165,900


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 18.7%
US/American 0.1%
English 8.3%
Irish 13.7%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Carlisle Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 48 miles W of Lancaster, Pennsylvania (center to center)
Nearest Large City 68 miles NW of Baltimore, Maryland
County Cumberland
Metro Area Harrisburg - Lebanon - Carlisle
Standard Zip Codes 17013
Phone Area Codes 717
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.201
Longitude -77.189

Carlisle Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 10.4 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 35 F
Apr Temp 39 to 60 F
Jul Temp 63 to 83 F
Oct Temp 42 to 62 F
Annual Precip 41.8 inches
Distance 17.9 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 38 F
Apr Temp 42 to 63 F
Jul Temp 66 to 86 F
Oct Temp 45 to 64 F
Annual Precip 41.4 inches
Distance 18.8 miles
Jan Temp 17 to 36 F
Apr Temp 37 to 61 F
Jul Temp 62 to 84 F
Oct Temp 40 to 64 F
Annual Precip 44 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Carlisle, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Carlisle Barracks (17013)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Dillsburg 2,572 $63,505
Landisburg 241 $59,375

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Carlisle Public Libraries

Bosler Free Library
Carlisle, Pennsylvania
(717) 243-4642
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Carlisle Hospitals

(717) 249-1212
Emergency Service: Yes

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Carlisle High Schools

Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,722 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.9

Additional Details
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