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Overview

Introduction to Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Lancaster is located in the south-central portion of Pennsylvania, situated near the Conestoga River in Lancaster County. The city is part of the Pennsylvania Dutch Country. The Amish community plays a major role in the county with agriculture, various cottage industries and tourism. Mennonite communities are also located in the area. The region is known for livestock, apples, grains and dairy products. The city contains a wide variety of architectural styles represented in its numerous historic buildings.

History

The town was created by English shires. William Penn played a significant role in establishing the city in 1683. Lancaster was recognized as a townstead in 1730 by the governor of Pennsylvania. The vast majority of the land during this period was the property of Andrew Hamilton. The Continental Congress held meetings in Lancaster in 1777 and it was the capital of the state of Pennsylvania from 1799 to 1813.

John Wright named the town Lancaster in tribute to Lancaster, England where he earlier resided. The town became known as the "Red Rose City" due to its connection with Lancaster, England. The area became a chartered city in the year 1818. While the Revolutionary War was taking place, Lancaster served as the capital for the colonies and was a prominent munitions location.

Transportation

The Red Rose Transit Authority offers bus service for the community. Amtrak provides transportation at the Lancaster Train Station. The town is home to the Lancaster Airport.

Historic Landmarks

  • Hamilton Watch Company
  • Fulton Opera House
  • Rock Ford Plantation
  • W.W. Griest Building
  • J.P. McCaskey High School
  • Wheatland

Attractions

  • Elizabethtown College includes a center which focuses on the Plain communities in the United States such as the Amish
  • The historic site, Ephrata Cloister features 18th century structures
  • Franklin and Marshall College
  • National Watch and Clock Museum
  • Strasburg Railroad offers rides on restored passenger cars and travels through Amish country
  • Plain and Fancy Farm provides an excellent tour of the Amish community
  • Antiques Capital is a prominent location for antique dealers and features numerous attractions
  • Bird-in-Hand Village
  • Intercourse Merchants Association Group is a major business center for Amish and other residents and is very popular with tourists
  • Lititz is a historic village
  • Central Market
  • Demuth Museum
  • Lancaster Cultural History Museum
  • Lancaster Museum of Art
  • Fulton Theatre is a National Historic Landmark which features Broadway musicals and other productions

Activities

  • Amish Buggy Rides
  • Amish Village features a 1840's farm house
  • Choo Choo Barn - Traintown U.S.A. features miniatures depicting Lancaster County and America
  • Dutch Wonderland Family Amusement Park
  • Landis Valley Museum is the biggest Dutch Living History Farm and Village in the United States

Demographics

People

Total Population59,341
Male Share of the Population49.9%
Female Share of the Population50.1%
Senior Citizens9.5%
Employed Population 16+25,594
Age of the Population31

Families

% of people married32.5%
Average household size3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher19.8%
Median Earnings25+$26,290
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$17,110
Median Earnings With High School Degree$24,909

Wealth

Median Family Income$41,171
% Above Poverty Level70.8%
% Below Poverty Level29.2%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time21 minutes
% Working from Home3.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work13%
% Using Public Transportation5.5%

Housing

People Living Alone31.7%
Median Gross Rent$806
Median House Value$109,300

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)53.3%
Irish6.6%
English4.3%
Italian4%
African2.3%
Polish1.9%
Swiss1.2%
West Indian1.1%
Haitian0.8%
Scottish0.8%
Welsh0.7%
Ethiopian0.7%
Dutch0.7%
French Except Basque0.7%
Russian0.7%
German0.4%
Somali0.3%
Hungarian0.3%
Norwegian0.3%
Swedish0.3%
Liberian0.2%
Greek0.2%
Slovak0.2%
Canadian0.2%
Belizean0.1%
Jamaican0.1%
British0.1%
Portuguese0.1%
Czech0.1%
Austrian0.1%
Danishn0.1%
Lithuanian0.1%
Sudanese0.1%
Ukrainian0.1%
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Lancaster Almanac

CategoryValue
County Lancaster County
Standard Zip Codes17602, 17611, 17601, 17603
P.O. Box Zip Codes17604, 17606, 17607, 17608, 17605
Company Zip Codes17573, 17622, 17699
Phone Area Codes717
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude40.01
Approximate Longitude-76.16

Lancaster Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationLANCASTER 2 NE FILT PLT
Distance1.5 miles
Jan Temp21 to 38 F
Apr Temp40 to 62 F
Jul Temp64 to 85 F
Oct Temp43 to 65 F
Annual Precip43.4 inches
StationLANDISVILLE 2 NW
Distance8.7 miles
Jan Temp21 to 38 F
Apr Temp39 to 64 F
Jul Temp62 to 85 F
Oct Temp41 to 66 F
Annual Precip43.4 inches
StationHOLTWOOD
Distance14.2 miles
Jan Temp23 to 38 F
Apr Temp42 to 61 F
Jul Temp67 to 85 F
Oct Temp46 to 64 F
Annual Precip37.4 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Brownstown2,621$80,645
East Petersburg4,516$82,047
Millersville8,370$68,164
Mountville2,852$53,125
Roseville145$51,250
Strasburg2,885$73,681

Lancaster Public Libraries

Lancaster Public Library
125 NORTH DUKE ST
Lancaster, Pennsylvania
(717) 394-2651
Lancaster Sys Admin Unit
1866 COLONIAL VILLAGE LN, SUITE 107
Lancaster, Pennsylvania
(717) 207-0500
Manheim Township Public Library
595 GRANITE RUN DR
Lancaster, Pennsylvania
(717) 560-6441

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More Information for Librarians

Lancaster Hospitals

Lancaster Rehabilitation Hospital
(Proprietary)
675 Good Drive
(717) 406-3000
Lancaster General Hospital
(Non-profit)
Po Box 3555 555 North Duke Street
(717) 544-5511
Lancaster Regional Medical Center
(Proprietary)
250 College Avenue Po Box 3434
(717) 291-8211

Lancaster Public Schools

Brecht Sch
1250 Lititz Pike
ZIP: 17601
(717) 291-1733
Primary
Total Enrollment 298
Bucher Sch
450 Candlewyck Rd
ZIP: 17601
(717) 569-4291
Primary
Total Enrollment 323
Centerville El Sch
901 Centerville Rd
ZIP: 17601
(717) 898-5575
Primary
Total Enrollment 496
Centerville Ms
865 Centerville Rd
ZIP: 17601
(717) 898-5580
Middle
Total Enrollment 604
Conestoga Valley Shs
2110 Horseshoe Rd
ZIP: 17601
(717) 397-5231
High
Total Enrollment 1368
Fritz El Sch
845 Hornig Rd
ZIP: 17601
(717) 397-5246
Primary
Total Enrollment 622
Landis Run Intermediate School
25 Blue Streak Boulevard
ZIP: 17601
(717) 581-9124
Middle
Total Enrollment 917
Manheim Twp Hs
School Road
ZIP: 17601
(717) 560-3097
High
Total Enrollment 1755
Manheim Twp Ms
School Road
ZIP: 17601
(717) 560-3111
Middle
Total Enrollment 887
Nitrauer Sch
811 Ashbourne Ave
ZIP: 17601
(717) 569-4239
Primary
Total Enrollment 488
Schaeffer Sch
875 Pleasure Rd
ZIP: 17601
(717) 392-6797
Primary
Total Enrollment 312
Burrowes Sch
1001 E Orange St
ZIP: 17602
(717) 291-6159
Primary
Total Enrollment 407
Conestoga Valley Ms
500 Mount Sidney Rd
ZIP: 17602
(717) 397-1294
Middle
Total Enrollment 694
George Washington El Sch
545 S Ann St
ZIP: 17602
(717) 291-6275
Primary
Total Enrollment 605
Hand Ms
431 S Ann St
ZIP: 17602
(717) 291-6161
Middle
Total Enrollment 502
King El Sch
466 Rockland St
ZIP: 17602
(717) 291-6178
Primary
Total Enrollment 528
La Academia Partnership Charter School
30 N Ann Street
ZIP: 17602
(717) 295-7763
Other
Total Enrollment 196
Lincoln Ms
1001 Lehigh Ave
ZIP: 17602
(717) 291-6187
Middle
Total Enrollment 570
Mccaskey Campus
445 N Reservoir St
ZIP: 17602
(717) 291-6211
High
Total Enrollment 2636
Phoenix Academy
630 Rockland St
ZIP: 17602
(717) 735-7860
Other
Total Enrollment 323
Smoketown El Sch
2426 Old Philadelphia Pike
ZIP: 17602
(717) 394-0555
Primary
Total Enrollment 660
Wickersham El Sch
401 N Reservoir St
ZIP: 17602
(717) 291-6291
Primary
Total Enrollment 471
Carter And Macrae El Sch
251 S Prince St
ZIP: 17603
(717) 396-6842
Primary
Total Enrollment 412
Elizabeth R Martin El Sch
2000 Wabank Rd
ZIP: 17603
(717) 291-6193
Primary
Total Enrollment 618
Fulton El Sch
225 W Orange St
ZIP: 17603
(717) 291-6110
Primary
Total Enrollment 438
Hambright El Sch
3000 Charlestown Rd
ZIP: 17603
(717) 872-9503
Primary
Total Enrollment 514
Hamilton El Sch
1300 Wabank Rd
ZIP: 17603
(717) 291-6166
Primary
Total Enrollment 454
James Buchanan El Sch
340 S West End Ave
ZIP: 17603
(717) 291-6151
Primary
Total Enrollment 395
Lafayette El Sch
1000 Fremont St
ZIP: 17603
(717) 291-6183
Primary
Total Enrollment 517
Manor Middle School
2950 Charlestown Rd
ZIP: 17603
(717) 872-9510
Middle
Total Enrollment 450
Price El Sch
615 Fairview Ave
ZIP: 17603
(717) 291-6252
Primary
Total Enrollment 496
Reynolds Ms
605 W Walnut St
ZIP: 17603
(717) 291-6257
Middle
Total Enrollment 500
Rohrerstown El Sch
2200 Noll Drive
ZIP: 17603
(717) 299-7126
Primary
Total Enrollment 439
Ross El Sch
840 N Queen St
ZIP: 17603
(717) 291-6268
Primary
Total Enrollment 372
Thomas Wharton El Sch
705 N Mary St
ZIP: 17603
(717) 291-6281
Primary
Total Enrollment 360
Wheatland Ms
919 Hamilton Park Dr
ZIP: 17603
(717) 291-6285
Middle
Total Enrollment 591
Neff Sch
21 Valley Rd
ZIP: 17606
(717) 569-8502
Primary
Total Enrollment 337

Lancaster Private Schools

Center Square Amish School
100w Center Square
ZIP: 17540
Elementary
Total Enrollment 25
Chesterbrook Academy
132 N Pointe Blvd
ZIP: 17601
Elementary
Total Enrollment 14
Hartman Station Amish School
660 Hartman Station Rd
ZIP: 17601
Elementary
Total Enrollment 29
Hildebrandt Learning Center
2423 New Holland Pike
ZIP: 17601
Elementary
Total Enrollment 7
Kindercare Learning Center
595 Centerville Rd
ZIP: 17601
Elementary
Total Enrollment 8
Lancaster Catholic High School
650 Juliette Ave
ZIP: 17601
Secondary
Total Enrollment 765
Lancaster County Christian School - Leola Campus
2390 New Holland Pike
ZIP: 17601
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 231
Learning Ladder Schools
417 Granite Run Dr
ZIP: 17601
Elementary
Total Enrollment 5
Montessori Academy Of Lancaster
2750 Weaver Rd
ZIP: 17601
Elementary
Total Enrollment 49
Oak Grove Amish School
500 Willow Rd
ZIP: 17601
Elementary
Total Enrollment 30
St Leo The Great School
2427 Marietta Ave
ZIP: 17601
Elementary
Total Enrollment 240
Central Penn Christian School
1721 Conard Rd
ZIP: 17602
Elementary
Total Enrollment 14
Greenland Amish School
425 Gridley Rd
ZIP: 17602
Elementary
Total Enrollment 31
Greenland School
Gridley Rd
ZIP: 17602
Elementary
Total Enrollment 31
Lancaster County Christian School-west Lampeter
651 Lampeter Rd
ZIP: 17602
Elementary
Total Enrollment 165
Resurrection Catholic School
521 E Orange St
ZIP: 17602
Elementary
Total Enrollment 158
Rockvale Amish School
1890 Rockvale Rd
ZIP: 17602
Elementary
Total Enrollment 30
Rocky Ridge School
351 Clearview Rd
ZIP: 17602
Elementary
Total Enrollment 35
Smoketown School
2377 Hobson Rd
ZIP: 17602
Elementary
Total Enrollment 26
St Anne School
108 E Liberty St
ZIP: 17602
Elementary
Total Enrollment 212
Witmer Amish School
424 Mount Sidney Rd
ZIP: 17602
Elementary
Total Enrollment 23
Blue Rock Mennonite School
3453 Blue Rock Rd
ZIP: 17603
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 58
College Hill Children's Center
417 W Frederick St
ZIP: 17603
Elementary
Total Enrollment 13
Lancaster Country Day School
725 Hamilton Rd
ZIP: 17603
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 546
Sacred Heart School
235 Nevin St
ZIP: 17603
Elementary
Total Enrollment 154
The Jenkins School
3131 Columbia Ave
ZIP: 17603
Elementary
Total Enrollment 10
The New School Of Lancaster
935 Columbia Ave
ZIP: 17603
Elementary
Total Enrollment 149
Wonder Club Early Learning Centers Lancaster City
110 N Mulberry St
ZIP: 17603
Elementary
Total Enrollment 20
Sources :
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