Introduction to New Castle, Pennsylvania

New Castle, Pennsylvania, in Lawrence county, is 17 miles E of Youngstown, Ohio (center to center) and 43 miles NW of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It's situated along the Shenango River and is regarded as the region's commercial center. The municipality is home to Zambelli Fireworks, one of the largest fireworks and pyrotechnics companies in the world. It's known as the "Fireworks Capital of America." New Castle is a rust belt city.

The streets and sidewalks of the downtown were rebuilt to have the appearance of the turn of the 19th century. The downtown is home to the regional headquarters of Huntington, First Commonwealth and First Merit banks. New Castle has an ethnically diverse population.

New Castle History

The town developed as an industrial center due to construction of a nearby canal system. In the 1870s New Castle was a primary center for the Pittsburgh and Lake Eire Railroad. By 1900 it was one of the fastest growing cities in the nation. During this time, it had one of the largest tin plate mills in the country. Paper mills, steel, a bronze bushing factory, foundries and car construction facilities were significant factors for the economy. The Shenango Pottery produced fine china for the White House.

New Castle Attractions

  • Zambelli Plaza
  • The New Castle Dry Goods Company building is listed in the National Register of Historic Places
  • The Cascade was the first Warner Bros. theater and has been refurbished
  • Arts and Heritage Festival
  • The annual Fireworks Festival occurs during the summer
  • A summer concert series occurs at Cascade Park
  • Light Up Night Parade
  • A "Cascade of Lights" can be seen during the winter at Historic Cascade Park
  • New Castle Playhouse

New Castle Activities

Visitors often explore the Amish countryside. The area includes quaint villages and historic sites. North Country Trail, Moraine State Park and Ellwood City Creek are often used for recreational activities. The nearby Lake Arthur is a popular destination for families. McConnell's Mill and Moraine state parks provide opportunities for fishing, hiking, bicycle riding, boating, camping and kayaking. The new Castle Country Club, Tanglewood and Castle Hills are quality golf courses. A wide variety of activities and entertainment are about an hour away in Pittsburgh.

New Castle Transportation

New Castle Transit Authority offers bus services for the city and also provides transportation to Pittsburgh.


Total Population 22,682
Male Share of the Population 47.4%
Female Share of the Population 52.6%
Senior Citizens 17.9%
Employed Population 16+ 8,459
Age of the Population 42


% of people married 37%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 15.2%
Median Earnings25+ $28,220
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $17,500
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,958


Median Family Income $42,038
% Above Poverty Level 72%
% Below Poverty Level 28%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 20 minutes
% Working from Home 1.8%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.5%
% Using Public Transportation 3.1%


People Living Alone 36.6%
Median Gross Rent $585
Median House Value $61,400


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 20.2%
US/American 0%
English 5.5%
Irish 17.9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

New Castle Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 17 miles E of Youngstown, Ohio (center to center)
Nearest Large City 43 miles NW of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
County Lawrence
Standard Zip Codes 16101, 16102, 16105, 16108
P.O. Box Zip Codes 16103, 16107
Phone Area Codes 724
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 41.003
Longitude -80.347

New Castle Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station NEW CASTLE 1 N
Distance 1.4 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 35 F
Apr Temp 34 to 61 F
Jul Temp 59 to 85 F
Oct Temp 38 to 65 F
Annual Precip 38.4 inches
Station MERCER
Distance 15.9 miles
Jan Temp 17 to 35 F
Apr Temp 35 to 61 F
Jul Temp 58 to 82 F
Oct Temp 39 to 63 F
Annual Precip 42.7 inches
Distance 23.8 miles
Jan Temp 17 to 32 F
Apr Temp 37 to 58 F
Jul Temp 59 to 81 F
Oct Temp 41 to 61 F
Annual Precip 38 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, New Castle, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Castle (16101, 16102, 16105)

Neshannock (16105)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Bessemer 1,186 $53,882

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

New Castle Public Libraries

New Castle Public Library
New Castle, Pennsylvania
(724) 658-6659
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

New Castle Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(724) 658-9001
Emergency Service: Yes

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New Castle High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,029 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.7

Serves 680 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16

Serves 648 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.8

Serves 642 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.3

A Vocational School
Serves 434 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14

Serves 233 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.7

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