Introduction to Hilton Head Island, South Carolina

Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, in Beaufort county, is 22 miles E of Savannah, Georgia (center to center) and 140 miles NE of Jacksonville, Florida.The town is home to some 33,862 residents.

Hilton Head Island History

Hilton Head Island was originally inhabited by Native Americans. The town is home to the ancient Shell Ring which was created by the Indians and is believed to be more than 10,000 years old. Captain William Hilton visited the area in 1663 and named it Hilton's Head. The first crop of Sea Island Cotton was grown on Hilton Head Island in 1790. It played a significant role during the Civil War and served as a major operation base for the Union blockade of the Southern ports. The town was officially incorporated in 1983.

Hilton Head Island and nearby Attractions

  • Pinckney Island National Wildlife Refuge
  • Coastal Discovery Museum
  • Sandbox Children's Museum
  • Hunting Island State Park
  • Skidaway Island State Park
  • Edisto Island Serpentarium

Things To Do In Hilton Head Island

Hilton Head Island is home to the Sea Pines Forest Preserve. The town also has several beaches inclduding Bradley Beach, Singleton Beach, Forest Beach, Folly Field Beach, and Coligny Beach Park. One can also visit Pinckney Island National Wildlife Refuge. The town has many shopping centers including the Palmetto Highlands Triangle Square Shopping Center, Shelter Cove Mall Shopping Center, Matthews Point North Shopping Center, Port Royal Plaza Shopping Center, South Island Square Shopping Center, and Coligny Plaza Shopping Center.

Hilton Head Island Transportation

You can reach Hilton Head Airport within several minutes.

Hilton Head Island Higher Education

Higher education can be availed from Savannah College of Art and Design, Charleston Southern University, Armstrong Atlantic State University, and College of Charleston.


Total Population 39,071
Male Share of the Population 49.2%
Female Share of the Population 50.8%
Senior Citizens 32.9%
Employed Population 16+ 16,920
Age of the Population 54


% of people married 59.8%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 49.2%
Median Earnings25+ $30,551
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $20,642
Median Earnings With High School Degree $21,616


Median Family Income $85,051
% Above Poverty Level 89.7%
% Below Poverty Level 10.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 18 minutes
% Working from Home 10.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 4.3%
% Using Public Transportation 0.7%


People Living Alone 28.6%
Median Gross Rent $1,066
Median House Value $434,900


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 23.6%
US/American 0.1%
English 14.6%
Irish 15.9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Hilton Head Island Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 22 miles E of Savannah, Georgia (center to center)
Nearest Large City 140 miles NE of Jacksonville, Florida
County Beaufort
Standard Zip Codes 29926, 29928
P.O. Box Zip Codes 29915, 29925, 29938
Phone Area Codes 843
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 32.216
Longitude -80.752

Hilton Head Island Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 0.2 miles
Jan Temp 37 to 58 F
Apr Temp 53 to 74 F
Jul Temp 73 to 88 F
Oct Temp 57 to 76 F
Annual Precip 52.5 inches
Distance 27.1 miles
Jan Temp 38 to 60 F
Apr Temp 53 to 78 F
Jul Temp 72 to 92 F
Oct Temp 56 to 78 F
Annual Precip 49.5 inches
Distance 32.8 miles
Jan Temp 36 to 61 F
Apr Temp 50 to 79 F
Jul Temp 69 to 93 F
Oct Temp 52 to 79 F
Annual Precip 52.4 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Hilton Head Island, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Daufuskie Island (29915)

Fairfield (29928)

Hilton Head (29925, 29926, 29928, 29938)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Beaufort 12,839 $55,244
Bluffton 14,607 $66,276
Hardeeville 4,353 $44,554
Port Royal 11,513 $51,305
Ridgeland 4,030 $38,262

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Hilton Head Island Hospitals

(843) 681-6122
Emergency Service: Yes

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Hilton Head Island High Schools

A Magnet School.
Serves 1,962 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.8

Study Online in Hilton Head Island
Additional Resources
Info for Hilton Head Island Government Officials

Are you an official in the Hilton Head Island government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

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