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Overview

Introduction to Chattanooga, Tennessee

Chattanooga is is the fourth largest city in Tennessee, it is the seat of Hamilton County.

Chattanooga is located in southeast Tennessee, on the border with Georgia. The Tennessee River flows through Chattanooga. Chattanooga is about half way between Atlanta, Georgia and Nashville, Tennessee. Atlanta is approximately two hours southeast, and Nashville is approximately two hours northwest.

Chattanooga experiences hot, humid summers, and cool, damp winters. July is the warmest month of the year, with an average daily temperature of almost 90 degrees Fahrenheit. January is the coldest month, with an average daily temperature of almost 49 degrees Fahrenheit. Chattanooga does experience temperatures below freezing and averages one day per winter with an inch or more of snow. Chattanooga receives an average of slightly over 54 inches of precipitation a year.

Chattanooga History

The first inhabitants of the Chattanooga area were Native American Indians. Chattanooga's first European visitors were from Spanish expeditions lead by Hernando DeSoto. Chattanooga was established as Ross's Landing in 1816 by John Ross, Chief of the Cherokee Indians. The city adopted the name Chattanooga in 1838. The name is of Native American origin. Some key dates in Chattanooga's history include:

  • In 1819, Hamilton County was formed
  • In 1908, the Chattanooga Choo Choo Terminal Station was built
  • In 1863, during the American Civil War, the Campaign for Chattanooga was fought
  • In 1941, the city was made famous by the first gold record big-band swing song "Chattanooga Choo Choo" by Glenn Miller
  • In 1948, Chattanooga became the first major southern city to have African-American Police Officers

Chattanooga Arts, Culture, and Entertainment

Chattanooga is a center for arts, culture, and entertainment. Some of Chattanooga's more notable cultural attractions include:

  • The Bluff View Art District
  • The Boys Choir of Chattanooga
  • The Chattanooga Ballet
  • The Chattanooga Girls Choir
  • The Chattanooga Regional History Museum
  • The Chattanooga Symphony & Opera
  • The Chattanooga Theatre Centre
  • The Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
  • The Creative Discovery Museum
  • Choral Arts of Chattanooga
  • The Houston Museum of Decorative Arts
  • The Hunter Museum of Art
  • The International Towing and Recovery Hall of Fame and Museum
  • Miller Plaza, the site of numerous performances and exhibits
  • The Nightfall Concert Series
  • Rock City Gardens
  • The Tennessee Aquarium, the world's largest freshwater aquarium
  • The Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum
  • The Tivoli Theatre

Chattanooga also hosts Riverbend Festival every year. Riverbend Festival is a week-long music festival in the downtown area.

Chattanooga Sports and Leisure

Chattanooga has a few professional sports offerings, which include:

  • Baseball - The Minor League Baseball (MiLB) Chattanooga Lookouts. The Lookouts are a Double-A affiliate of the Cincinnati Reds
  • Football - The National Indoor Football League (NIFL) Tennessee River Sharks

Chattanooga is also home to the NCAA Division I-AA national football championship every year at Finley Stadium, on the campus of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga. A two hour drive northwest or southeast offers Chattanooga residents all of the sporting attractions of either Nashville, Tennessee, or Atlanta, Georgia.

Chattanooga "Must See" Attractions

Chattanooga has attractions too numerous to do justice in a simple list. Some of Chattanooga's more unique attractions include:

  • The NCAA Division I-AA national football championship
  • Rock City Gardens
  • Riverbend Festival, a week-long music festival
  • The Tennessee Aquarium, the world's largest freshwater aquarium

Chattanooga at Night

Chattanooga offers a rich and vibrant nightlife including a full spectrum of culinary offerings, and other entertainment options to satisfy just about anyone. The best source of information on dining, the latest events, happenings, night clubs, and performances can be found in the Chattanooga Times Free Press, or one of two free weekly newspapers, The Pulse, or Enigma.

Demographics

People

Total Population175,462
Male Share of the Population47.3%
Female Share of the Population52.7%
Senior Citizens15.3%
Employed Population 16+77,741
Age of the Population37

Families

% of people married37.9%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher27.8%
Median Earnings25+$31,387
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$18,272
Median Earnings With High School Degree$22,684

Wealth

Median Family Income$54,239
% Above Poverty Level78.9%
% Below Poverty Level21.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time19 minutes
% Working from Home4.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work3.4%
% Using Public Transportation2.1%

Housing

People Living Alone37.7%
Median Gross Rent$765
Median House Value$152,000

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)44.4%
Irish8.8%
English8.7%
German7.9%
Scottish2%
Italian1.7%
French Except Basque1.7%
Dutch1%
African0.8%
Polish0.8%
Welsh0.8%
Swedish0.7%
West Indian0.5%
Norwegian0.5%
Russian0.3%
Swiss0.2%
Ukrainian0.2%
Arab0.2%
Jamaican0.2%
Haitian0.2%
Canadian0.2%
Nigerian0.2%
Czech0.2%
Bahamian0.1%
Danishn0.1%
Greek0.1%
Lithuanian0.1%
Lebanese0.1%
Romanian0.1%
Hungarian0.1%
Austrian0.1%
Turkish0.1%
Kenyan0.1%
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Chattanooga Almanac

CategoryValue
County Hamilton County
Standard Zip Codes37402, 37403, 37404, 37405, 37406, 37407, 37408, 37409, 37410, 37416, 37419, 37421, 37450, 37411, 37412, 37415
P.O. Box Zip Codes37401, 37414, 37422, 37424
Phone Area Codes423
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude35.06
Approximate Longitude-85.25

Chattanooga Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationCHATTANOOGA AP
Distance6.3 miles
Jan Temp30 to 49 F
Apr Temp47 to 72 F
Jul Temp69 to 90 F
Oct Temp49 to 72 F
Annual Precip54.5 inches
StationLAFAYETTE 5 SW
Distance27.6 miles
Jan Temp29 to 48 F
Apr Temp43 to 71 F
Jul Temp66 to 88 F
Oct Temp46 to 72 F
Annual Precip58.3 inches
StationDALTON
Distance28.9 miles
Jan Temp30 to 49 F
Apr Temp47 to 72 F
Jul Temp69 to 89 F
Oct Temp49 to 73 F
Annual Precip56.5 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Collegedale10,438$75,600
East Ridge21,311$50,611
Lookout Mountain1,930$130,714
Powells Crossroads1,338$62,647
Red Bank11,794$53,933
Signal Mountain8,500$116,208

Chattanooga Public Libraries

Chattanooga Public Library
1001 BROAD STREET
Chattanooga, Tennessee
(423) 643-7700

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Chattanooga Hospitals

Erlanger Medical Center
(Government - District/authority)
975 East Third Street
(423) 778-7000
Erlanger East Campus
(Government - District/authority)
1755 Gunbarrel Road
(423) 954-8700
Metropolitan Hospital
(Proprietary)
511 Mccallie Avenue
(423) 265-3303
Parkridge Medical Center
(Proprietary)
2333 Mccallie Avenue
(423) 894-4220
Parkridge East Hospital
(Proprietary)
941 Spring Creek Road
(423) 894-7870
Siskin Hospital For Physical Rehabilitation
(Non-profit)
One Siskin Plaza
(423) 634-1200
Kindred Hospital - Chattanooga
(Proprietary)
709 Walnut Street
(423) 266-7721
Memorial Health Care System
(Non-profit)
2525 Desales Avenue
(423) 495-2525
Erlanger North Campus
(Government - District/authority)
632 Morrison Springs Road
(423) 778-3300
Parkridge Valley Hospital
(Proprietary)
2200 Morris Hill Road
(423) 894-4220
Click the Visit School Site buttons to go directly to a school's website and learn more about the school and programs it has to offer. School website will open in a new tab.
Click the Request Info buttons to request more information from a representative at the school.

Chattanooga Public Schools

Dupont Elementary
4134 Hixson Pk
(423) 870-0615
Primary
Total Enrollment 326
Hillcrest Elementary
4302 Bonny Oaks Dr
(423) 855-2606
Primary
Total Enrollment 348
Howard School Of Academics Technology
2500 South Market
(423) 209-5868
Other
Total Enrollment 650
Lakeside Academy
4850 Jersey
(423) 855-2605
Primary
Total Enrollment 509
Rivermont Elementary
3330 Hixson
(423) 870-0610
Primary
Total Enrollment 383
Orchard Knob Elementary
400 North Orchard Knob
(423) 493-0385
Primary
Total Enrollment 512
Orchard Knob Middle
500 North Highland Park
(423) 493-7793
Middle
Total Enrollment 361
Tyner Academy
6836 Tyner
(423) 855-2635
High
Total Enrollment 543
Tyner Middle Academy
6837 Tyner
(423) 855-2648
Middle
Total Enrollment 472
Lookout Valley Elementary
701 Browns Ferry
(423) 825-0661
Primary
Total Enrollment 314
East Side Elementary
1603 South Lyerly St
(423) 493-7780
Primary
Total Enrollment 560
East Lake Academy Of Fine Arts
2700 East 34th
(423) 493-0334
Middle
Total Enrollment 439
Chattanooga State Mid College High School
4501 Amnicola
(423) 697-3226
High
Total Enrollment 101
Battle Academy For Teaching Learning
1601 Market
(423) 209-5747
Primary
Total Enrollment 470
East Ridge Elementary
1014 John Ross
(423) 493-9296
Primary
Total Enrollment 943
Spring Creek Elementary
1100 Spring Creek
(423) 855-6138
Primary
Total Enrollment 685
Westview Elementary
9629 East Brainerd
(423) 855-6142
Primary
Total Enrollment 775
Bess T Shepherd Elementary
7126 Tyner
(423) 855-2611
Primary
Total Enrollment 512
Brainerd High School
1020 North Moore
(423) 855-2615
High
Total Enrollment 638
Clifton Hills Elementary
1815 East 32nd
(423) 493-0357
Primary
Total Enrollment 578
Dalewood Middle School
1300 Shallowford
(423) 493-0323
Middle
Total Enrollment 288
East Brainerd Elementary
7453 East Brainerd
(423) 855-2600
Primary
Total Enrollment 715
Chattanooga School For The Liberal Arts
6579 East Brainerd
(423) 855-2614
Primary
Total Enrollment 385
Woodmore Elementary
800 Woodmore
(423) 493-0394
Primary
Total Enrollment 359
Calvin Donaldson Environmental Science Academy
927 West 37th
(423) 825-7337
Primary
Total Enrollment 305
East Ridge High School
4320 Bennett
(423) 867-6200
High
Total Enrollment 820
Red Bank Middle School
3715 Dayton
(423) 874-1908
Middle
Total Enrollment 589
Normal Park Museum Magnet School
1009 Mississippi
(423) 209-5900
Primary
Total Enrollment 819
Chatt High Center For Creative Arts
1301 Dallas
(423) 209-5929
Other
Total Enrollment 563
Chattanooga School For Arts And Sciences Csas Uppe
865 East 3rd
(423) 209-5812
Other
Total Enrollment 662
Barger Academy
4808 Brainerd
(423) 493-0348
Primary
Total Enrollment 435
Lookout Valley Middle / High School
350 Lookout High
(423) 825-7352
Other
Total Enrollment 360
East Lake Elementary
3600 13th
(423) 493-0366
Primary
Total Enrollment 535
Tommie F. Brown International Academy
718 East 8th
(423) 209-5760
Primary
Total Enrollment 471
Hardy Elementary School
2100 Glass
(423) 493-0300
Primary
Total Enrollment 515
Alpine Crest Elementary
4700 Stagg
(423) 874-1921
Primary
Total Enrollment 345
Central High School
5728 Hwy 58
(423) 344-1447
High
Total Enrollment 1007
East Ridge Middle School
4400 Bennett Rd
(423) 867-6214
Middle
Total Enrollment 715
Red Bank Elementary
1100 Mountain Creek
(423) 874-1917
Primary
Total Enrollment 632
Red Bank High School
640 Morrison Springs
(423) 874-1900
High
Total Enrollment 778
Chattanooga School For The Arts And Science Csas L
865 East 3rd
(423) 209-5817
Primary
Total Enrollment 375
Chattanooga Girls Leadership Academy
1200 Groove St
(423) 702-7230
Middle
Total Enrollment 158
Hamilton County Stem Academy
4501 Amnicola Hw
(423) 209-8538
High
Total Enrollment 73
Chattanooga Charter School Of Excellence
5600 Brainerd Rd
Primary
Total Enrollment 184
Hamilton County Virtual School
3074 Hickory Valley
Other

Chattanooga Private Schools

Wildwood Adventist Elementary
800 Ethel Ln
Elementary
Total Enrollment 12
St Jude School
930 Ashland Ter
Elementary
Total Enrollment 352
Belvoir Christian Academy
800 Belvoir Ave
Elementary
Total Enrollment 157
Montessori School
1080 Mccallie Ave
Elementary
Total Enrollment 149
Scholze Center
911 Pineville Rd
Secondary
Total Enrollment 31
Silverdale Baptist Academy
7236 Bonny Oaks Dr
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 782
Hamilton Heights Christian Academy
2201 Hickory Valley Rd
Secondary
Total Enrollment 61
Scenic Land School
1200 Mountain Creek Rd Ste 300
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 20
Girls Preparatory School
205 Island Ave
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 600
Our Lady Of Perpetual Help School
505 S Moore Rd
Elementary
Total Enrollment 308
Brainerd Baptist School
300 Brookfield Ave
Elementary
Total Enrollment 219
St Peters Episcopal School
848 Ashland Ter
Elementary
Total Enrollment 150
St Nicholas School
7525 Min Tom Dr
Elementary
Total Enrollment 174
Standifer Gap Sda School
8255 Standifer Gap Rd
Elementary
Total Enrollment 72
Valley Academy
2200 Morris Hill Rd
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 64
Hickory Valley Christian School
6605 Shallowford Rd
Elementary
Total Enrollment 77
Baylor School
171 Baylor School Rd
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 1070
The Bright School
1950 Hixson Pike
Elementary
Total Enrollment 279
Avondale Sda Elementary School
1201 Orchard Knob Ave
Elementary
Total Enrollment 12
Orange Grove Center
615 Derby St
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 69
Boyd-buchanan School
4650 Buccaneer Trl
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 869
Notre Dame High School
2701 Vermont Ave
Secondary
Total Enrollment 407
Grace Baptist Academy
7815 Shallowford Rd
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 605
Mccallie School
500 Dodds Ave
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 889
Annoor Academy
5502 Brainerd Rd
Elementary
Total Enrollment 12
Sources :
Additional Details
Chattanooga Colleges
Chattanooga colleges and trade schools.
Chattanooga Graduate Schools
Chattanooga Graduate and Business Schools
Chattanooga Careers
Chattanooga career and employment information.
Study Online in Chattanooga
Historic Chattanooga

photo

Fountain Square and Court House 1907 (est.)

Select a photo to view (Source):

Fountain Square and Court House 1907 (est.)

The General (Union Station) c1907

Hotel Patten between 1905 and 1915

Additional Resources
Info for Chattanooga Government Officials


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