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Overview

Introduction to Chattanooga, Tennessee

Chattanooga is is the fourth largest city in Tennessee, it is the seat of Hamilton County.

Chattanooga is located in southeast Tennessee, on the border with Georgia. The Tennessee River flows through Chattanooga. Chattanooga is about half way between Atlanta, Georgia and Nashville, Tennessee. Atlanta is approximately two hours southeast, and Nashville is approximately two hours northwest.

Chattanooga experiences hot, humid summers, and cool, damp winters. July is the warmest month of the year, with an average daily temperature of almost 90 degrees Fahrenheit. January is the coldest month, with an average daily temperature of almost 49 degrees Fahrenheit. Chattanooga does experience temperatures below freezing and averages one day per winter with an inch or more of snow. Chattanooga receives an average of slightly over 54 inches of precipitation a year.

Chattanooga History

The first inhabitants of the Chattanooga area were Native American Indians. Chattanooga's first European visitors were from Spanish expeditions lead by Hernando DeSoto. Chattanooga was established as Ross's Landing in 1816 by John Ross, Chief of the Cherokee Indians. The city adopted the name Chattanooga in 1838. The name is of Native American origin. Some key dates in Chattanooga's history include:

  • In 1819, Hamilton County was formed
  • In 1908, the Chattanooga Choo Choo Terminal Station was built
  • In 1863, during the American Civil War, the Campaign for Chattanooga was fought
  • In 1941, the city was made famous by the first gold record big-band swing song "Chattanooga Choo Choo" by Glenn Miller
  • In 1948, Chattanooga became the first major southern city to have African-American Police Officers

Chattanooga Arts, Culture, and Entertainment

Chattanooga is a center for arts, culture, and entertainment. Some of Chattanooga's more notable cultural attractions include:

  • The Bluff View Art District
  • The Boys Choir of Chattanooga
  • The Chattanooga Ballet
  • The Chattanooga Girls Choir
  • The Chattanooga Regional History Museum
  • The Chattanooga Symphony & Opera
  • The Chattanooga Theatre Centre
  • The Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
  • The Creative Discovery Museum
  • Choral Arts of Chattanooga
  • The Houston Museum of Decorative Arts
  • The Hunter Museum of Art
  • The International Towing and Recovery Hall of Fame and Museum
  • Miller Plaza, the site of numerous performances and exhibits
  • The Nightfall Concert Series
  • Rock City Gardens
  • The Tennessee Aquarium, the world's largest freshwater aquarium
  • The Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum
  • The Tivoli Theatre

Chattanooga also hosts Riverbend Festival every year. Riverbend Festival is a week-long music festival in the downtown area.

Chattanooga Sports and Leisure

Chattanooga has a few professional sports offerings, which include:

  • Baseball - The Minor League Baseball (MiLB) Chattanooga Lookouts. The Lookouts are a Double-A affiliate of the Cincinnati Reds
  • Football - The National Indoor Football League (NIFL) Tennessee River Sharks

Chattanooga is also home to the NCAA Division I-AA national football championship every year at Finley Stadium, on the campus of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga. A two hour drive northwest or southeast offers Chattanooga residents all of the sporting attractions of either Nashville, Tennessee, or Atlanta, Georgia.

Chattanooga "Must See" Attractions

Chattanooga has attractions too numerous to do justice in a simple list. Some of Chattanooga's more unique attractions include:

  • The NCAA Division I-AA national football championship
  • Rock City Gardens
  • Riverbend Festival, a week-long music festival
  • The Tennessee Aquarium, the world's largest freshwater aquarium

Chattanooga at Night

Chattanooga offers a rich and vibrant nightlife including a full spectrum of culinary offerings, and other entertainment options to satisfy just about anyone. The best source of information on dining, the latest events, happenings, night clubs, and performances can be found in the Chattanooga Times Free Press, or one of two free weekly newspapers, The Pulse, or Enigma.

Demographics

People

Total Population175,462
Male Share of the Population47.3%
Female Share of the Population52.7%
Senior Citizens15.3%
Employed Population 16+77,741
Age of the Population37

Families

% of people married37.9%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher27.8%
Median Earnings25+$31,387
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$18,272
Median Earnings With High School Degree$22,684

Wealth

Median Family Income$54,239
% Above Poverty Level78.9%
% Below Poverty Level21.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time19 minutes
% Working from Home4.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work3.4%
% Using Public Transportation2.1%

Housing

People Living Alone37.7%
Median Gross Rent$765
Median House Value$152,000

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)44.4%
Irish8.8%
English8.7%
German7.9%
Scottish2%
Italian1.7%
French Except Basque1.7%
Dutch1%
African0.8%
Polish0.8%
Welsh0.8%
Swedish0.7%
West Indian0.5%
Norwegian0.5%
Russian0.3%
Swiss0.2%
Ukrainian0.2%
Arab0.2%
Jamaican0.2%
Haitian0.2%
Canadian0.2%
Nigerian0.2%
Czech0.2%
Bahamian0.1%
Danishn0.1%
Greek0.1%
Lithuanian0.1%
Lebanese0.1%
Romanian0.1%
Hungarian0.1%
Austrian0.1%
Turkish0.1%
Kenyan0.1%
+ Show More

Chattanooga Almanac

CategoryValue
County Hamilton County
Standard Zip Codes37402, 37403, 37404, 37405, 37406, 37407, 37408, 37409, 37410, 37416, 37419, 37421, 37450, 37411, 37412, 37415
P.O. Box Zip Codes37401, 37414, 37422, 37424
Phone Area Codes423
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude35.06
Approximate Longitude-85.25

Chattanooga Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationCHATTANOOGA AP
Distance6.3 miles
Jan Temp30 to 49 F
Apr Temp47 to 72 F
Jul Temp69 to 90 F
Oct Temp49 to 72 F
Annual Precip54.5 inches
StationLAFAYETTE 5 SW
Distance27.6 miles
Jan Temp29 to 48 F
Apr Temp43 to 71 F
Jul Temp66 to 88 F
Oct Temp46 to 72 F
Annual Precip58.3 inches
StationDALTON
Distance28.9 miles
Jan Temp30 to 49 F
Apr Temp47 to 72 F
Jul Temp69 to 89 F
Oct Temp49 to 73 F
Annual Precip56.5 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Collegedale10,438$75,600
East Ridge21,311$50,611
Lookout Mountain1,930$130,714
Powells Crossroads1,338$62,647
Red Bank11,794$53,933
Signal Mountain8,500$116,208

Chattanooga Public Libraries

Chattanooga Public Library
1001 BROAD STREET
Chattanooga, Tennessee
(423) 643-7700

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Chattanooga Hospitals

Erlanger Medical Center
(Government - District/authority)
975 East Third Street
(423) 778-7000
Erlanger East Campus
(Government - District/authority)
1755 Gunbarrel Road
(423) 954-8700
Metropolitan Hospital
(Proprietary)
511 Mccallie Avenue
(423) 265-3303
Parkridge Medical Center
(Proprietary)
2333 Mccallie Avenue
(423) 894-4220
Parkridge East Hospital
(Proprietary)
941 Spring Creek Road
(423) 894-7870
Siskin Hospital For Physical Rehabilitation
(Non-profit)
One Siskin Plaza
(423) 634-1200
Kindred Hospital - Chattanooga
(Proprietary)
709 Walnut Street
(423) 266-7721
Memorial Health Care System
(Non-profit)
2525 Desales Avenue
(423) 495-2525
Erlanger North Campus
(Government - District/authority)
632 Morrison Springs Road
(423) 778-3300
Parkridge Valley Hospital
(Proprietary)
2200 Morris Hill Road
(423) 894-4220

Chattanooga Public Schools

Battle Academy For Teaching Learning
1601 Market St
ZIP: 37402
(423) 209-5747
Primary
Total Enrollment 404
New Consortium Of Law And Business
1200 Grove St
ZIP: 37402
(901) 214-5298
Middle
Chattanooga School For Arts And Sciences Csas Upper
865 E 3rd St
ZIP: 37403
(423) 209-5812
Other
Total Enrollment 644
Chattanooga School For The Arts And Science Csas Lower
865 East 3rd St
ZIP: 37403
(423) 209-5817
Primary
Total Enrollment 364
Tommie F. Brown International Academy
718 East 8th St
ZIP: 37403
(423) 209-5760
Primary
Total Enrollment 358
Chattanooga Girls Leadership Academy
1802 Bailey Av, P. O. Box 11246
ZIP: 37404
(423) 702-7230
Other
Total Enrollment 296
East Side Elementary
1603 South Lyerly St
ZIP: 37404
(423) 493-7780
Primary
Total Enrollment 613
Orchard Knob Elementary
400 North Orchard Knob Av
ZIP: 37404
(423) 493-0385
Primary
Total Enrollment 637
Orchard Knob Middle
500 North Highland Park Av
ZIP: 37404
(423) 493-7793
Middle
Total Enrollment 488
Chatt High Center For Creative Arts
1301 Dallas Rd
ZIP: 37405
(423) 209-5929
Other
Total Enrollment 590
Normal Park Museum Magnet School
1219 West Mississippi Av
ZIP: 37405
(423) 209-5900
Primary
Total Enrollment 817
Red Bank Elementary
1100 Mountain Creek Rd
ZIP: 37405
(423) 874-1917
Primary
Total Enrollment 695
Hamilton County Collegiate High At Chattanooga State
4501 Amnicola Hw
ZIP: 37406
(423) 697-3226
High
Total Enrollment 149
Hardy Elementary School
2100 Glass St
ZIP: 37406
(423) 493-0300
Primary
Total Enrollment 521
Stem School Chattanooga
4501 Amnicola Hw
ZIP: 37406
(423) 209-8538
Other
Total Enrollment 191
Clifton Hills Elementary
1815 East 32nd St
ZIP: 37407
(423) 493-0357
Primary
Total Enrollment 579
East Lake Academy Of Fine Arts
2700 East 34th St
ZIP: 37407
(423) 493-0334
Middle
Total Enrollment 539
East Lake Elementary
3600 13th Av
ZIP: 37407
(423) 493-0366
Primary
Total Enrollment 568
The Howard School
2500 South Market St
ZIP: 37408
(423) 209-5868
High
Total Enrollment 656
Calvin Donaldson Environmental Science Academy
927 West 37th St
ZIP: 37410
(423) 825-7337
Primary
Total Enrollment 381
Barger Academy
4808 Brainerd Rd
ZIP: 37411
(423) 493-0348
Primary
Total Enrollment 403
Brainerd High School
1020 N Moore Rd
ZIP: 37411
(423) 855-2615
High
Total Enrollment 588
Chattanooga Charter School Of Excellence
5600 Brainerd Rd, Suite A-24
ZIP: 37411
(423) 521-0402
Primary
Total Enrollment 395
Dalewood Middle School
1300 Shallowford Rd
ZIP: 37411
(423) 493-0323
Middle
Total Enrollment 308
Woodmore Elementary
800 Woodmore La
ZIP: 37411
(423) 493-0394
Primary
Total Enrollment 385
East Ridge Elementary
1014 John Ross Rd
ZIP: 37412
(423) 493-9296
Primary
Total Enrollment 1028
East Ridge High School
4320 Bennett Rd
ZIP: 37412
(423) 867-6200
High
Total Enrollment 808
East Ridge Middle School
4400 Bennett Rd
ZIP: 37412
(423) 867-6214
Middle
Total Enrollment 721
Spring Creek Elementary
1100 Spring Creek Rd
ZIP: 37412
(423) 855-6138
Primary
Total Enrollment 752
Alpine Crest Elementary
4700 Stagg Rd
ZIP: 37415
(423) 874-1921
Primary
Total Enrollment 301
Dupont Elementary
4134 Hixson Pk
ZIP: 37415
(423) 870-0615
Primary
Total Enrollment 361
Red Bank High School
640 Morrison Springs Rd
ZIP: 37415
(423) 874-1900
High
Total Enrollment 749
Red Bank Middle School
3701 Tom Weathers La
ZIP: 37415
(423) 874-1908
Middle
Total Enrollment 646
Rivermont Elementary
3330 Hixson Pk
ZIP: 37415
(423) 870-0610
Primary
Total Enrollment 252
Hillcrest Elementary
4302 Bonny Oaks Dr
ZIP: 37416
(423) 855-2602
Primary
Total Enrollment 405
Lakeside Academy
4850 Jersey Pk
ZIP: 37416
(423) 855-2605
Primary
Total Enrollment 472
Lookout Valley Elementary
701 Browns Ferry Rd
ZIP: 37419
(423) 825-7370
Primary
Total Enrollment 311
Lookout Valley Middle / High School
350 Lookout High St
ZIP: 37419
(423) 825-7352
Other
Total Enrollment 375
Bess T Shepherd Elementary
7126 Tyner Rd
ZIP: 37421
(423) 855-2611
Primary
Total Enrollment 561
Chattanooga School For The Liberal Arts
6579 East Brainerd Rd
ZIP: 37421
(423) 855-2614
Primary
Total Enrollment 415
East Brainerd Elementary
7453 E Brainerd Rd
ZIP: 37421
(423) 855-2600
Primary
Total Enrollment 674
Hamilton County Virtual School
3074 Hickory Valley Rd
ZIP: 37421
(423) 209-8804
Other
Total Enrollment 19
Tyner Academy
6836 Tyner Rd
ZIP: 37421
(423) 855-2635
High
Total Enrollment 587
Tyner Middle Academy
6837 Tyner Rd
ZIP: 37421
(423) 855-2648
Middle
Total Enrollment 468
Westview Elementary
9629 East Brainerd Rd
ZIP: 37421
(423) 855-6142
Primary
Total Enrollment 718

Chattanooga Private Schools

Wildwood Adventist Elementary
800 Ethel Ln
ZIP: 30757
Elementary
Total Enrollment 12
Mccallie School
500 Dodds Ave
ZIP: 37404
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 889
Montessori School
1080 Mccallie Ave
ZIP: 37404
Elementary
Total Enrollment 149
Notre Dame High School
2701 Vermont Ave
ZIP: 37404
Secondary
Total Enrollment 407
Orange Grove Center
615 Derby St
ZIP: 37404
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 69
Baylor School
171 Baylor School Rd
ZIP: 37405
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 1070
Girls Preparatory School
205 Island Ave
ZIP: 37405
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 600
Scenic Land School
1200 Mountain Creek Rd Ste 300
ZIP: 37405
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 20
Scholze Center
911 Pineville Rd
ZIP: 37405
Secondary
Total Enrollment 31
The Bright School
1950 Hixson Pike
ZIP: 37405
Elementary
Total Enrollment 279
Avondale Sda Elementary School
1201 Orchard Knob Ave
ZIP: 37406
Elementary
Total Enrollment 12
Annoor Academy
5502 Brainerd Rd
ZIP: 37411
Elementary
Total Enrollment 12
Boyd-buchanan School
4650 Buccaneer Trl
ZIP: 37411
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 869
Brainerd Baptist School
300 Brookfield Ave
ZIP: 37411
Elementary
Total Enrollment 219
Belvoir Christian Academy
800 Belvoir Ave
ZIP: 37412
Elementary
Total Enrollment 157
Our Lady Of Perpetual Help School
505 S Moore Rd
ZIP: 37412
Elementary
Total Enrollment 308
St Jude School
930 Ashland Ter
ZIP: 37415
Elementary
Total Enrollment 352
St Peters Episcopal School
848 Ashland Ter
ZIP: 37415
Elementary
Total Enrollment 150
Grace Baptist Academy
7815 Shallowford Rd
ZIP: 37421
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 605
Hamilton Heights Christian Academy
2201 Hickory Valley Rd
ZIP: 37421
Secondary
Total Enrollment 61
Hickory Valley Christian School
6605 Shallowford Rd
ZIP: 37421
Elementary
Total Enrollment 77
Silverdale Baptist Academy
7236 Bonny Oaks Dr
ZIP: 37421
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 782
St Nicholas School
7525 Min Tom Dr
ZIP: 37421
Elementary
Total Enrollment 174
Standifer Gap Sda School
8255 Standifer Gap Rd
ZIP: 37421
Elementary
Total Enrollment 72
Valley Academy
2200 Morris Hill Rd
ZIP: 37421
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 64
Sources :
Additional Details
Chattanooga Colleges
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Chattanooga Graduate Schools
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Chattanooga career and employment information.
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Historic Chattanooga

photo

Fountain Square and Court House 1907 (est.)

Select a photo to view (Source):

Fountain Square and Court House 1907 (est.)

The General (Union Station) c1907

Hotel Patten between 1905 and 1915

Additional Resources
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