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Overview

Introduction to Abilene, Texas

The central Texas city of Abilene, county seat of Taylor County, is located about 180 miles west of Dallas. The city is situated near the geographic center of the state on Interstate I-20, at the junction of U.S. Routes 83 and 277. Also servicing the city are Texas State Highways 36 and 351. Abilene maintains a full-service regional airport offering commuter flights to Dallas Fort Worth International Airport and to George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston.

Abilene was established in 1881 when the Texas and Pacific Railway completed its tracks to what was then a small town site. The railroad promoted the site as the "Future Great City of West Texas" and town lots began to sell at a rapid pace. Named after Abilene, Kansas, the original endpoint for the Chisholm Trail, Abilene became incorporated as a city in 1883 and in that same year became the county seat. During the ensuing century, Abilene evolved from a community reliant almost entirely on agriculture to a diversified community whose economy also included oil, commerce, and light manufacturing. The city's economy received a boost during World War II with the acquisition of Camp Barkeley, a U.S. Army post, whose arrival changed the demographic composition and economic profile of Abilene. The flow of federal dollars was even further enhanced in 1952, when Congress approved the establishment of Dyess Air Force Base. Expansion followed in several industries, most notably the oil industry with the development of exploration, drilling, refining, and oilfield services. Parallel expansion occurred in banking, construction, service employment, and retail and wholesale business industries. Abilene today functions as a significant regional center for distribution, commerce, industry, transportation, and education.

Arts, Culture, and Recreation in Abilene

Abilene is home to the restored Paramount Theater, which hosts art films, plays, and concerts throughout the year. The Grace Cultural Center, a beautifully restored 1909 hotel located in historic Downtown Abilene, houses a history museum, an art museum and an interactive children’s museum. The structure was originally constructed by Colonel W. L. Beckman and named for his daughter, Grace. The Abilene Zoo boasts over 200 species of wildlife over its thirteen acres and offers a wide variety of children’s programs and special events. The 12th Armored Division Memorial Museum celebrates the history of the unit which became one of the most feared fighting machines of World War II. The Center for Contemporary Arts is home to dozens of exhibits by regional, national and international artists and photographers. Frontier Texas! is a multimedia facility which brings to life the Texas frontier as it existed between 1780 and 1880. Visitors can interactively "meet" some of the real people who lived and died on the Texas frontier, including buffalo hunters, Comanche warriors, pioneers, and explorers. Abilene's western heritage is showcased every May at the Western Heritage Classic, a three-day weekend event which celebrates the western lifestyle. The West Texas Fair and Rodeo is a ten-day event held each September which features food, music, rides, and exhibits celebrating West Texas.

Youth sports are very popular in Abilene and the city's local high school teams have won hundreds of district championships and dozens of state titles over the past several years. The city also has more than 40 college sports teams playing at the Division II and Division III levels. Professional sports are a few short hours away in the Dallas-Fort Worth area, home to the following teams:

  • Dallas Cowboys (National Football League)
  • Texas Rangers (Major League Baseball)
  • Dallas Stars (National Hockey League)
  • Dallas Mavericks (NBA basketball)
  • Dallas Desperados (Arena Football League)
  • FC Dallas (Major League Soccer)

Demographics

People

Total Population122,612
Male Share of the Population51.6%
Female Share of the Population48.4%
Senior Citizens12.6%
Employed Population 16+54,745
Age of the Population31

Families

% of people married43.5%
Average household size3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher22%
Median Earnings25+$29,771
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$16,875
Median Earnings With High School Degree$25,240

Wealth

Median Family Income$54,564
% Above Poverty Level80.6%
% Below Poverty Level19.4%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time16 minutes
% Working from Home3.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work2.6%
% Using Public Transportation1%

Housing

People Living Alone28%
Median Gross Rent$816
Median House Value$101,500

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)46.8%
German11.6%
Irish9.2%
English8.6%
French Except Basque1.9%
Italian1.7%
Scottish1.7%
African1.2%
Polish0.7%
Norwegian0.7%
Swedish0.7%
Welsh0.4%
West Indian0.3%
Czech0.3%
Canadian0.3%
Liberian0.2%
Greek0.2%
Jamaican0.1%
Swiss0.1%
Nigerian0.1%
Hungarian0.1%
Lebanese0.1%
Arab0.1%
US/American0.1%
Danishn0.1%
Dutch0.1%
Portuguese0.1%
Lithuanian0.1%
Finnish0.1%
Russian0.1%
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Abilene Almanac

CategoryValue
County Taylor County
Standard Zip Codes79601, 79602, 79603, 79605, 79606, 79607
P.O. Box Zip Codes79604, 79608
Company Zip Codes79697, 79698, 79699
Phone Area Codes325
Time ZoneAmerica/Chicago
Approximate Latitude32.45
Approximate Longitude-99.73

Abilene Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationABILENE MUNICIPAL AP
Distance3.6 miles
Jan Temp32 to 55 F
Apr Temp52 to 77 F
Jul Temp72 to 95 F
Oct Temp54 to 78 F
Annual Precip23.7 inches
StationANSON
Distance24.1 miles
Jan Temp31 to 56 F
Apr Temp51 to 78 F
Jul Temp72 to 96 F
Oct Temp54 to 78 F
Annual Precip26 inches
StationALBANY
Distance31.3 miles
Jan Temp28 to 55 F
Apr Temp49 to 77 F
Jul Temp71 to 95 F
Oct Temp51 to 78 F
Annual Precip28.4 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Buffalo Gap468$54,423
Clyde3,752$58,828
Hawley721$51,094
Merkel2,618$49,760

Abilene Public Libraries

Abilene Public Library
202 CEDAR ST
Abilene, Texas
(325) 677-2474

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Abilene Hospitals

Hendrick Medical Center
(Non-profit)
1900 Pine
Acadia Abilene Behavioral Health
(Proprietary)
4225 Woods Place
(325) 698-6600
Reliant Rehabilitation Hospital Abilene
(Proprietary)
6401 Directors Parkway
Oceans Behavioral Hospital Of Abilene
(Proprietary)
6401 Directors Parkway Suite 200
Hendrick Center For Extended Care
(Non-profit)
1900 Pine, 5th Floor
Abilene Regional Medical Center
(Proprietary)
6250 Us Highway 83-84 At Antilley Road

Abilene Public Schools

Academy For Technology Engineering Math & Science
650 E Hwy 80
ZIP: 79601
(325) 794-4140
High
Total Enrollment 393
Craig Middle
702 S Judge Ely Blvd
ZIP: 79601
(325) 794-4100
Middle
Total Enrollment 911
Harmony Family Services
317 N 6th St
ZIP: 79601
(325) 671-4624
Holland Medical H S
2442 Cedar St
ZIP: 79601
(325) 794-4120
Sam Houston
317 N 6th St
ZIP: 79601
(325) 671-4624
Other
Total Enrollment 32
Taylor El
916 E N 13th St
ZIP: 79601
(325) 671-4970
Primary
Total Enrollment 600
Woodson Center For Excellence
342 Cockerell
ZIP: 79601
(325) 671-4736
High
Total Enrollment 166
Woodson Early Headstart
949 Plum St
ZIP: 79601
(325) 671-4594
Primary
Total Enrollment 52
Woodson Ecc
520 N 9th St
ZIP: 79601
(325) 671-4594
Primary
Total Enrollment 409
Abilene Behavioral Health
4225 Woods Pl
ZIP: 79602
(325) 698-6600
Other
Total Enrollment 35
Adult Learning Ctr
1929 S 11th
ZIP: 79602
(325) 671-4419
Other
Bowie El
1733 S 20th St
ZIP: 79602
(325) 671-4770
Primary
Total Enrollment 576
Day Nursery Of Abilene
625 S 8th St
ZIP: 79602
(325) 671-4569
Primary
Total Enrollment 49
Jefferson Opportunity Ctr
1741 S 14th St
ZIP: 79602
(325) 794-4150
Other
Total Enrollment 7
Juvenile Detention Center
889 S 25th St
ZIP: 79602
(325) 671-4648
Other
Total Enrollment 5
Locust Ecc
625 S 8th St
ZIP: 79602
(325) 671-4569
Primary
Total Enrollment 355
Reassignment Ctr
1101 S 9th St
ZIP: 79602
(325) 671-4648
Taylor County Learning Center
889 S 25th
ZIP: 79602
(325) 928-5813
Thomas El
1240 Lakeside Dr
ZIP: 79602
(325) 671-4995
Primary
Total Enrollment 551
Abilene H S
2800 N 6th St
ZIP: 79603
(325) 677-1731
High
Total Enrollment 1925
Lee El
1026 N Pioneer Dr
ZIP: 79603
(325) 671-4895
Primary
Total Enrollment 417
Long El
3600 Sherry Ln
ZIP: 79603
(325) 671-4920
Primary
Total Enrollment 463
Mann Middle
2545 Mimosa Dr
ZIP: 79603
(325) 672-8493
Middle
Total Enrollment 926
Martinez El
1250 Merchant St
ZIP: 79603
(325) 794-4160
Primary
Total Enrollment 721
New J J A E P
842 Mockingbird
ZIP: 79603
(325) 554-7500
Ortiz El
2550 Vogel
ZIP: 79603
(325) 671-4945
Primary
Total Enrollment 619
Taylor County Learning Center
2002 Jameson St
ZIP: 79603
(325) 677-1444
Other
Total Enrollment 9
Taylor County Learning Center
2002 Jameson St
ZIP: 79603
(325) 677-1444
Austin El
2341 Greenbriar Dr
ZIP: 79605
(325) 690-3920
Primary
Total Enrollment 596
Bonham El
4250 Potomac Ave
ZIP: 79605
(325) 690-3745
Primary
Total Enrollment 582
Clack Middle
1610 Corsicana Ave
ZIP: 79605
(325) 692-1961
Middle
Total Enrollment 818
Cooper H S
3639 Sayles Blvd
ZIP: 79605
(325) 691-1000
High
Total Enrollment 1806
Crockett Early Headstart
3282 S 13th
ZIP: 79605
(325) 690-3770
Primary
Total Enrollment 76
Early Education Services
2970 S 6th St
ZIP: 79605
(325) 677-8623
Primary
Jackson El
2650 S 32nd St
ZIP: 79605
(325) 690-3602
Primary
Total Enrollment 547
Johnston El
3602 N 12th St
ZIP: 79605
(325) 671-4845
Primary
Total Enrollment 531
Madison Middle
3145 Barrow St
ZIP: 79605
(325) 692-5661
Middle
Total Enrollment 900
Premier H S Of Abilene
3161 S 23rd St Ste 4
ZIP: 79605
(325) 698-8111
High
Total Enrollment 177
Reagan Early Childhood
5340 Hartford St
ZIP: 79605
(325) 671-4569
Primary
Total Enrollment 61
Reagan El
5340 Hartford St
ZIP: 79605
(325) 690-3627
Primary
Total Enrollment 523
Sp Ed Homebound
2970 S 6th St
ZIP: 79605
(325) 677-8623
Bassetti El
5749 Hwy 277 S
ZIP: 79606
(325) 690-3720
Primary
Total Enrollment 602
Ward El
3750 Paint Brush
ZIP: 79606
(325) 690-3666
Primary
Total Enrollment 550
Wylie Early Childhood Ctr
6249 Buffalo Gap Rd
ZIP: 79606
(325) 437-2350
Primary
Total Enrollment 428
Wylie El
7650 Hardwick Rd
ZIP: 79606
(325) 692-6554
Primary
Total Enrollment 669
Wylie H S
4502 Antilley Rd
ZIP: 79606
(325) 690-1181
High
Total Enrollment 1026
Wylie Int
3158 Beltway S
ZIP: 79606
(325) 692-7961
Primary
Total Enrollment 618
Wylie J H
4010 Beltway S
ZIP: 79606
(325) 695-1910
Middle
Total Enrollment 625
Wylie Middle
4134 Beltway S
ZIP: 79606
(325) 695-6870
Middle
Total Enrollment 630
Dyess El
402 Delaware
ZIP: 79607
(325) 690-3795
Primary
Total Enrollment 511

Abilene Private Schools

Cornerstone Christian School
718 Barrow St
ZIP: 79605
Elementary
Total Enrollment 44
St Johns Episcopal School
1600 Sherman Dr
ZIP: 79605
Elementary
Total Enrollment 54
A Habitat For Learning
3242 Beltway S
ZIP: 79606
Elementary
Total Enrollment 201
Sources :
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