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Overview

Introduction to Amarillo, Texas

The Texas city of Amarillo, located near the middle of the Texas Panhandle in the northern part of the state, is the county seat of Potter County. The city is almost equidistant from Albuquerque, New Mexico (285 miles to the west) and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (245 miles to the east), both of which are accessible via Interstate I-40. Interstate I-27 also services the city, as do U.S. Routes 60, 66, 87, and 287. Rick Husband Amarillo International Airport, named after the NASA astronaut and Amarillo native who commanded the Space Shuttle Columbia, provides air transportation by several major air carriers.

First settled in 1887, the settlement originally called Oneida would later change its name to Amarillo, the Spanish language translation of "yellow." The name was based on the color of the sub-soil in the channel of the Amarillo Creek and in the town's early days many of its houses were painted yellow to commemorate the name. Industry in Amarillo prospered in its early years largely due to railroading, cattle and merchandising. By the turn of the 20th century, Amarillo had established itself as one of the world's busiest cattle shipping centers. In more recent years, Amarillo has become a major world force in the development of natural gas, providing pipelines to many large cities and towns throughout the U.S. Amarillo today boasts a diversified economy which includes heavy manufacturing, petrochemicals, farming, modern ranching, and a burgeoning tourism industry.

Attractions in Amarillo

Amarillo has a wide variety of attractions in and around the city. The English Field Air & Space Museum offers visitors a unique perspective on our aerospace past and features the only Mars Lander on Earth (the other two are on the surface of Mars). The American Quarter Horse Association Hall of Fame & Museum showcases the history of the world’s most popular breed of horse. The Don Harrington Discovery Center & Space Theater features interactive exhibits, educational programs, and the only planetarium in the Texas Panhandle. The Harrington House Historic Home, built in 1914, was acquired in 1940 by Don and Sybil Harrington, local philanthropists who were leaders in the oil and gas industry. One of Amarillo's newest attractions is the Kwahadi Kiva Indian Museum & Performance Center, a large facility designed in the style of an Indian Pueblo and housing an expansive museum and a dance performance theater. One of the city's most unique attractions is Cadillac Ranch, where ten Cadillacs are buried nose down in a field at the same formation as the Cheops Pyramid. Other attractions in and around the city include the Amarillo Zoo, the Palo Duro Canyon State Park, and the Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum. Annual events in Amarillo include the Tri-State Fair & Rodeo, held every September, and November's World Championship Ranch Rodeo.

Amarillo is home to a small number of professional sports teams. The Amarillo Dillas are a minor league baseball team playing in the independent United League Baseball (ULB). Fans of Arena Football can cheer for the Amarillo Dusters, a professional team belonging to the Af2 (arenafootball2) League. The Amarillo Gorillas are a minor league hockey team playing in the Central Hockey League (CHL).

People

Total Population 196,571
Male Share of the Population 49%
Female Share of the Population 51%
Senior Citizens 12.4%
Employed Population 16+ 93,845
Age of the Population 34

Families

% of people married 48.4%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 22.3%
Median Earnings25+ $32,097
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $21,280
Median Earnings With High School Degree $26,357

Wealth

Median Family Income $57,976
% Above Poverty Level 83%
% Below Poverty Level 17%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 18 minutes
% Working from Home 2.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.6%
% Using Public Transportation 1%

Housing

People Living Alone 28.7%
Median Gross Rent $766
Median House Value $118,000

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 44.5%
US/American 0%
English 8.3%
Irish 9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Amarillo Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 244 miles W of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
County Potter
Metro Area Amarillo
Standard Zip Codes 79101, 79102, 79103, 79104, 79106, 79107, 79108, 79109, 79110, 79111, 79118, 79119, 79121, 79123, 79124
P.O. Box Zip Codes 79105, 79114, 79116, 79117, 79120, 79159, 79189
Company Zip Codes 79163, 79166, 79167, 79168, 79171, 79172, 79174, 79178, 79182, 79185, 79187
Phone Area Codes 806
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 35.221
Longitude -101.83

Amarillo Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station AMARILLO INTL AP
Distance 7.4 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 49 F
Apr Temp 42 to 71 F
Jul Temp 65 to 91 F
Oct Temp 45 to 72 F
Annual Precip 19.7 inches
Station PANHANDLE
Distance 29.5 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 48 F
Apr Temp 38 to 71 F
Jul Temp 62 to 91 F
Oct Temp 42 to 71 F
Annual Precip 22.2 inches
Station BOYS RANCH
Distance 32 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 51 F
Apr Temp 40 to 73 F
Jul Temp 65 to 92 F
Oct Temp 42 to 73 F
Annual Precip 18.1 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Canyon 14,248 $64,758

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Amarillo Public Libraries

Library
Amarillo Public Library
413 E 4TH AVE
Amarillo, Texas
(806) 378-3050
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Amarillo Hospitals

BAPTIST ST ANTHONYS HEALTH SYSTEM-BAPTIST CAMPUS
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
1600 WALLACE BLVD
(806) 212-2000
Emergency Service: Yes

NORTHWEST TEXAS HEALTHCARE SYSTEM
(Proprietary)
1501 COULTER ROAD
(806) 354-1110
Emergency Service: Yes

NORTHWEST TEXAS SURGERY CENTER
(Proprietary)
3501 SONCY RD SUITE 118
(806) 359-7999
Emergency Service: Yes

PHYSICIANS SURGICAL HOSPITAL AT QUAIL CREEK
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
6819 PLUM CREEK
(806) 354-6100
Emergency Service: Yes

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Amarillo High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

TASCOSA H S
3921 WESTLAWN
806-354-4500
Serves 2,179 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.1

AMARILLO H S
4225 DANBURY
806-354-4400
Serves 2,063 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.6

PALO DURO H S
1400 N GRANT
806-381-7100
A Title I School.
Serves 1,931 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.6

CAPROCK H S
3001 E 34TH
806-371-5500
A Title I School.
Serves 1,609 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.7

RANDALL H S
5800 ATTEBURY
806-677-2333
Serves 1,477 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16

RIVER ROAD HIGH SCHOOL
9500 U S 287 N
806-383-8867
Serves 447 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.8

HIGHLAND PARK H S
1800 F AVE
806-335-2821
A Title I School.
Serves 218 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.2

RICHARD MILBURN ACADEMY (AMARILLO)
4106 SW 51ST AVE
806-463-2284
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 126 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22.9

NORTH HEIGHTS ALTER
607 N HUGHES
806-371-5710
A Non-traditional School
Serves 98 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.3

YOUTH CTR OF HIGH PLAINS
9300 S GEORGIA
806-677-2450
A Non-traditional School
Serves 48 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 9.6

AMARILLO AREA CTR FOR ADVANCED LRN
1100 N FOREST
806-371-6085
Serves 19 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 1

HOMEBOUND
7200 I-40 W
806-354-4200

Amarillo Colleges

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