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Overview

Introduction to Beaumont, Texas

The Texas city of Beaumont is located on the west bank of the Neches River, about 85 miles east of Houston. The city lies on Texas' coastal plain, about 30 miles inland from the Gulf of Mexico. It is the county seat of Jefferson County, and together with the neighboring cities of Port Arthur and Orange, comprises a region known as the Golden Triangle, a major Gulf Coast industrial center. Beaumont is serviced by Interstate I-10, and also by U.S. Routes 69, 90, and 96; and Texas State Highways 12 and 124.

Beaumont was founded in 1835 by a New Orleans native named Henry Millard, who named it after the family of his wife (Mary Beaumont). It received its charter as a town in 1838 and by the late 19th century established itself as a prime lumber town. In 1901, a decade-long dream of finding oil on Spindletop Hill was finally realized, as several gushers erupted with oil, making Spindletop's production larger at the time than the combined yield of the rest of the world. The find resulted in an oil boom which made Beaumont the new home of several oil companies. Along with the oil boom came a population boom and millions of dollars worth of residential construction. Prosperity soon waned as Mother Nature and the Great Depression combined to usher in some tough times to Beaumont in the 1920s and 1930s, but the industrial output required to support the World War II war effort got things rolling again. By the 1970s, the "Golden Triangle" region had become the petrochemical complex of Southeast Texas, but the region's economic fate mirrored the ups and downs of the petrochemical industry in the late 20th century. Beaumont's economy today continues to be dominated by the petrochemical industry, although regional leaders are smartly and successfully diversifying the economic base. The national trend towards more service-oriented jobs is reflected in the city and has resulted in an increase in the number of visitors to the area and new housing and school construction.

Things to See and Do in Beaumont

Beaumont is the home of the annual South Texas State Fair. Other annual events include the Neches River Festival and the Kaleidoscope Arts and Crafts Festival. Beaumont is also filled with unique attractions that depict the history and culture of the region. The Art Museum of Southeast Texas offers exciting exhibits which include 19th - 21st century American paintings, sculpture, and photography. The Babe Didrikson Zaharias Museum & Visitor Center pays tribute to Beaumont legend Mildred "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias (1911-1956), former Olympic gold-medalist widely considered the greatest woman athlete of all time. The Beaumont Police Department Museum houses a collection of memorabilia, weaponry and police paraphernalia dating back to the turn of the century. The John Jay French Museum, originally built in 1845 by merchant John Jay French as a trading post and tannery, depicts the life of a mid-19th century prosperous Texas pioneer family. Other Beaumont points of interest include:

  • Edison Museum: Chronicles the inventions and innovations of Thomas Alva Edison
  • Fire Museum of Texas: Home of one of the world’s largest fire hydrants
  • Beaumont Botanical Gardens
  • Clifton Steamboat Museum
  • Dishman Art Museum
  • McFaddin-Ward House
  • Texas Energy Museum
  • Gladys City Boom Town Museum
  • Julie Rogers Theater
  • The Jefferson Theatre

Sports fans can get on Interstate I-10 and take a 90-minute ride west to Houston where the following professional teams reside:

  • National Football League (NFL): Houston Texans
  • Major League Baseball: Houston Astros
  • National Basketball Association (NBA): Houston Rockets
  • Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA): Houston Comets
  • American Hockey League (AHL): Houston Aeros
  • Major League Soccer (MLS): Houston Dynamo

People

Total Population 117,676
Male Share of the Population 47.8%
Female Share of the Population 52.2%
Senior Citizens 13.3%
Employed Population 16+ 49,528
Age of the Population 34

Families

% of people married 39%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 23%
Median Earnings25+ $31,111
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $18,596
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,051

Wealth

Median Family Income $51,227
% Above Poverty Level 78.2%
% Below Poverty Level 21.8%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 19 minutes
% Working from Home 1.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.8%
% Using Public Transportation 0.9%

Housing

People Living Alone 34.9%
Median Gross Rent $765
Median House Value $98,000

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 66.7%
US/American 0%
English 4.5%
Irish 6.3%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Beaumont Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 78 miles E of Houston, Texas
County Jefferson
Metro Area Beaumont - Port Arthur
Standard Zip Codes 77657, 77701, 77702, 77703, 77705, 77706, 77707, 77708, 77713
P.O. Box Zip Codes 77704, 77709, 77710, 77720, 77725, 77726
Phone Area Codes 409
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 30.085
Longitude -94.101

Beaumont Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station PORT ARTHUR AP BEAUMONT
Distance 10.7 miles
Jan Temp 43 to 62 F
Apr Temp 59 to 78 F
Jul Temp 74 to 92 F
Oct Temp 60 to 81 F
Annual Precip 59.8 inches
Station BEAUMONT RESEARCH CTR
Distance 11 miles
Jan Temp 41 to 61 F
Apr Temp 58 to 78 F
Jul Temp 74 to 93 F
Oct Temp 58 to 81 F
Annual Precip 57.3 inches
Station ORANGE 9 N
Distance 24.3 miles
Jan Temp 40 to 60 F
Apr Temp 56 to 77 F
Jul Temp 72 to 91 F
Oct Temp 56 to 80 F
Annual Precip 62.7 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Beaumont, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Cheek (77705)

Fannett (77705)

Lamar University (77710)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Beaumont Public Libraries

Library
Jefferson County Library
7933 VITERBO RD STE 7
Beaumont, Texas
(409) 727-2735
Beaumont Public Library System
801 PEARL ST
Beaumont, Texas
(409) 838-6606

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More Information for Librarians

Beaumont Hospitals

MEMORIAL HERMANN BAPTIST BEAUMONT HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
3080 COLLEGE STREET
(800) 833-7779
Emergency Service: Yes

CHRISTUS ST ELIZABETH HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
2830 CALDER AVENUE
(409) 892-7171
Emergency Service: Yes

BEAUMONT BONE & JOINT INSTITUTE
(Government - Federal)
3650 LAUREL AVENUE
(409) 838-0346
Emergency Service: No

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Beaumont High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

WEST BROOK SR H S
8750 PHELAN BLVD
409-981-7300
Serves 2,398 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.7

OZEN H S
3443 FANNETT RD
409-981-7514
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,699 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14

CENTRAL SENIOR H S
88 JAGUAR DR
409-981-7100
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,302 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.1

AL PRICE STATE JUVENILE CORRECTION
3890 FM 3514
409-749-6129
Serves 310 students.

PATHWAYS LEARNING CTR
1800 TULANE ST
409-832-5757
A Non-traditional School
Serves 285 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.9

PAUL A BROWN ALTERNATIVE CENTER
1900 POPE ST
409-785-4225
A Non-traditional School
Serves 178 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.6

RICHARD MILBURN ACADEMY (BEAUMONT)
1310 PENNSYLVANIA AVE STE C
830-557-6181
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 151 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 28

OAKS ED CTR
9275 MANION DR
409-866-1021
A Special Education School
Serves 35 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 5.3

JEFFERSON CO YOUTH ACAD
3395 HARRISON AVE
409-720-4078
A Non-traditional School
Serves 18 students.

JEFFERSON CO J J A E P
5030 STE 100 HWY 69 S
409-720-4079
A Non-traditional School
Serves 2 students.

JEFFERSON CO YOUTH ACAD
5030 HWY 69S STE 100
409-720-4079
A Special Education School
Serves 1 students.

O C TAYLOR CTR
2300 N
409-835-0153
A Non-traditional School

Beaumont Colleges

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