Introduction to Galveston, Texas

Galveston, Texas, in Galveston county, is 46 miles SE of Houston, Texas. The city is included in the Galveston - Texas City metropolitan area.

Galveston History

The area now known as Galveston was originally inhabited by the Karankawa and Akokisa tribes. At that time, the region was called Auia by local Indians. Jo’s de Evia, the Spanish explorer, named the area Gélvez town or Gélveztown, after County Bernardo de Gélvez, in 1785. The area was first settled in by Europeans around 1816. The City of Galveston was incorporated in 1839. The first post office of the city was established in 1836. The city was the site of the Battle of Galveston which was fought on January 1, 1863.

Galveston and nearby Attractions

  • Galveston Island State Park
  • R.A. Apffell Park
  • Stewart Beach Park
  • Moody Gardens
  • Texas Seaport Museum
  • Mardi Gras Museum
  • Railroad Museum
  • Galveston County Museum

Things To Do In Galveston

Galveston is home to Galveston Island State Park. Visitors can enjoy water sports at Jamaica Beach, Bermuda Beach, Palm Beach, and East Beach. The Schreiber Park, Stewart Beach Park, San Jacinto Park, Sheppard Park, and Apffel Park are local parks that offer facilities for a number of recreational activities. You can also plan a day trip to Old Fort San Jacinto, Galveston County Museum, Mardi Gras Museum, and Moody Mansion Museum.

Galveston Transportation

Air transportation is available from Ellington Field Airport.

Galveston Higher Education

The University of Texas Medical Branch - Galveston, Galveston College, and Texas A & M University - Galveston lie within the city.


Total Population 48,971
Male Share of the Population 49%
Female Share of the Population 51%
Senior Citizens 13.7%
Employed Population 16+ 21,486
Age of the Population 37


% of people married 36.3%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 28.6%
Median Earnings25+ $29,703
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $15,442
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,206


Median Family Income $51,763
% Above Poverty Level 75.4%
% Below Poverty Level 24.6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 20 minutes
% Working from Home 4.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 9%
% Using Public Transportation 3.2%


People Living Alone 38.7%
Median Gross Rent $846
Median House Value $143,200


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 54%
US/American 0%
English 6.2%
Irish 8.5%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Galveston Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 46 miles SE of Houston, Texas
County Galveston
Standard Zip Codes 77550, 77551, 77554
P.O. Box Zip Codes 77552, 77553
Company Zip Codes 77555
Phone Area Codes 409
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 29.301
Longitude -94.797

Galveston Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 2.4 miles
Jan Temp 50 to 62 F
Apr Temp 65 to 75 F
Jul Temp 80 to 89 F
Oct Temp 68 to 80 F
Annual Precip 43.8 inches
Station ALVIN
Distance 26.7 miles
Jan Temp 43 to 62 F
Apr Temp 60 to 77 F
Jul Temp 74 to 91 F
Oct Temp 60 to 81 F
Annual Precip 51.7 inches
Distance 34.3 miles
Jan Temp 42 to 61 F
Apr Temp 58 to 77 F
Jul Temp 74 to 92 F
Oct Temp 59 to 81 F
Annual Precip 54 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Galveston, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Island (77550)

Virginia Point (77550)

West Galveston (77554)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Dickinson 19,355 $79,475
Hitchcock 7,325 $51,614
Jamaica Beach 1,008 $83,618

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Galveston Public Libraries

Rosenberg Library
Galveston, Texas
(409) 763-8854
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Galveston Hospitals

(Government - State)
(409) 772-1011
Emergency Service: Yes

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Galveston High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

4115 AVE O
A Title I School.
Serves 2,535 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.8

3904 AVE T
A Non-traditional School
Serves 42 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 9.1

3904 AVE T
A Special Education School
Serves 24 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12

3904 AVE T
A Non-traditional School
Serves 9 students.

Additional Details
Galveston Colleges
Galveston colleges and trade schools.
Galveston Graduate Schools
Galveston Graduate and Business Schools
Study Online in Galveston
Historic Galveston


Seawall and beach between 1910 and 1920
Additional Resources
Info for Galveston Government Officials

Are you an official in the Galveston government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

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