Introduction to Hereford, Texas

Hereford, Texas, in Deaf Smith county, is 42 miles SW of Amarillo, Texas (center to center) and 241 miles E of Albuquerque, New Mexico. The city is home to about 14,597 residents.

Hereford History

The settlement of Hereford was established in the late 1890s, and witnessed growth and development following the construction of the Pecos and Northern Texas Railway in 1899. It was initially known as "Blue Water", because of the waters of Tierra Blanca Creek. However, since another community in Texas had the same name, the town was renamed Hereford after the Hereford cattle brought to the area by ranchers. In the early 1900s, Hereford was a thriving railroad town with a school, a bank, a newspaper, and churches. It was first incorporated on February 13, 1903, and reincorporated in 1906. Hereford was known as "The Windmill City" in the early 1900s because of the presence of more than 400 windmills in the city. In the late 1940s, Hereford gained the reputation of being the "town without a toothache". This fact was attributed to the natural fluoride in the region's water. Edgar Mitchell, the 6th man to walk on the moon, was born in Hereford.

Hereford and Nearby Attractions

  • Deaf Smith County Historical Museum
  • Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge
  • Wonderland Park
  • Panhandle Plains Historical Museum
  • Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument
  • Hillcrest Zoo

Things To Do In Hereford

The city of Hereford is home to the Deaf Smith County Historical Museum, which features Indian and western artifacts, a unique miniature hand-carved three-ring circus, windmill and farm implements, a chapel, a jail cell, and a country store. Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum showcases the historical and cultural heritage of Northwest Texas, while Amarillo Museum of Art houses the artworks of Edward Steichen, Louise Nevelson, Georgia O'Keeffe, and Franz Kline. Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument is a place of historic interest near Hereford. Various activities like hiking, mountain biking, camping, and horseback riding can be pursued at the Palo Duro Canyon State Park. Hereford also offers easy access to popular destinations like Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Hillcrest Zoo, and Wonderland Park.

Hereford Transportation

The closest major airport is Amarillo International Airport.

Hereford Higher Education

Colleges near Hereford include the West Texas A & M University, Clovis Community College, Wayland Baptist University, and Amarillo College.



Total Population15,086
Male Share of the Population49.6%
Female Share of the Population50.4%
Senior Citizens11.5%
Employed Population 16+6,343
Age of the Population30


% of people married53.2%
Average household size3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher14.6%
Median Earnings25+$30,983
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$26,119
Median Earnings With High School Degree$24,930


Median Family Income$51,764
% Above Poverty Level80.8%
% Below Poverty Level19.2%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time14 minutes
% Working from Home1.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work0.5%
% Using Public Transportation0.4%


People Living Alone24.5%
Median Gross Rent$729
Median House Value$85,900


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)75.5%
French Except Basque0.2%
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Hereford Almanac

County Deaf Smith County
Standard Zip Codes79045
Phone Area Codes806
Time ZoneAmerica/Chicago
Approximate Latitude34.82
Approximate Longitude-102.39

Hereford Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance0.2 miles
Jan Temp21 to 50 F
Apr Temp39 to 72 F
Jul Temp64 to 92 F
Oct Temp43 to 73 F
Annual Precip18.6 inches
StationDIMMITT 2 N
Distance15.6 miles
Jan Temp20 to 49 F
Apr Temp37 to 71 F
Jul Temp62 to 90 F
Oct Temp41 to 71 F
Annual Precip19.7 inches
Distance40.8 miles
Jan Temp22 to 50 F
Apr Temp40 to 72 F
Jul Temp64 to 91 F
Oct Temp44 to 74 F
Annual Precip20.7 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income

Hereford Public Libraries

Deaf Smith County Library
211 E 4TH ST
Hereford, Texas
(806) 364-1206

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Hereford Hospitals

Hereford Regional Medical Center
(Government - District/authority)
801 East Third Street
(806) 364-2141
Hereford Regional Medical Center
540 West 15th Street

Hereford Public Schools

West Central El
120 Campbell St
ZIP: 79045
(806) 363-7690
Total Enrollment 281
Hereford J H
704 La Plata Dr
ZIP: 79045
(806) 363-7630
Total Enrollment 606
Special Programs Ctr
711 Park Ave
ZIP: 79045
(806) 363-7610
Total Enrollment 294
Hereford Preparatory Academy
704 La Plata Ste B
ZIP: 79045
(806) 363-7740
Total Enrollment 300
Tierra Blanca El
615 Columbia Dr
ZIP: 79045
(806) 363-7680
Total Enrollment 326
Hereford H S
200 Ave F
ZIP: 79045
(806) 363-7620
Total Enrollment 1111
Bluebonnet El
221 16th St
ZIP: 79045
(806) 363-7650
Total Enrollment 320
Hereford Center For Accelerated Learning
241 Ave H
ZIP: 79045
(806) 363-7720
Total Enrollment 62
Northwest El
400 Moreman
ZIP: 79045
(806) 363-7660
Total Enrollment 495
Aikman El
900 Ave K
ZIP: 79045
(806) 363-7640
Total Enrollment 424
Walcott El
4275 Hwy 214
ZIP: 79045
(806) 289-5222
Total Enrollment 133

Hereford Private Schools

St Anthony School
120 W Park Ave
ZIP: 79045
Total Enrollment 80
First Baptist Kindergarten
500 Main St
ZIP: 79045
Total Enrollment 11
Sources :
Study Online in Hereford
Additional Resources
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