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Overview

Introduction to McAllen, Texas

McAllen is a city located at the southern tip of Texas in an area known as the Rio Grande Valley. Only about five miles from the Mexican border, McAllen is situated along U.S. Route 83, which connects the Valley to West Texas. Other major highways servicing the city include U.S. Route 281 and Texas State Highway 107. Regional air transportation is available at Miller International Airport, which offers frequent daily flights to major hubs in Houston, Dallas and Mexico City.

Developer John McAllen settled in the Rio Grande Valley in the late 1800s and established a town site in 1904 known as West McAllen. Shortly thereafter, other developers started a nearby town which they named East McAllen. The two groups eventually joined forces and in 1911 the City of McAllen was incorporated. Over the next several centuries, McAllen experienced steady growth and by the 1970s saw an increase in industrial trade and manufacturing brought about by activation of the Free Trade Zone (FTZ). The passing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in the 1990s enhanced the impact of the FTZ, resulting in the creation of several thousand new jobs in both the U.S. and Reynosa, Mexico. Over the last three decades, McAllen has transformed into the regional Valley leader in commerce and government and has become home to a large number of national businesses.

Attractions in McAllen and Rio Grande Valley

The International Museum of Art and Science is an outstanding art and science museum located in McAllen. Mexican arts and crafts are displayed in the North Gallery, while the Earth Science Gallery features a long-term exhibition of dinosaur tracks as well as a working meteorological display. The Museum of South Texas History contains a large collection of exhibits and artifacts covering South Texas history including Spanish exploration and colonization, the Mexican War, Rio Grande steamboat era, early ranching and farming, etc. Nature lovers will appreciate Quinta Mazatlan, the McAllen Wing of the World Birding Center, whose mission is to preserve the 1930s adobe estate and the native plants and animals of the Rio Grande Valley. The Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge, established in 1943, is home to many birds, waterfowl, and animals native to the Valley. The 2,000-acre preserve recalls life as it was in the region in the early 1900s before it became heavily developed. Another outdoor venue is the Bentsen-Rio Grande State Park, which features over 500 acres of moist woodlands and dry chaparral brush lands and is ideal for camping, hiking, and picnicking.

Professional sports in the Rio Grande Valley are embodied by three regional teams: The Edinburg Coyotes, based in nearby Edinburg, Texas, are an independent minor league baseball team which competes in the United League. The Rio Grande Valley Killer Bees are a professional ice hockey team which is based in Hidalgo, Texas and belongs to the Central Hockey League. Also residing in Hidalgo are the Rio Grande Valley Dorados, a professional arena football team and member of the af2 league.

People

Total Population
Male Share of the Population
Female Share of the Population
Senior Citizens
Employed Population 16+
Age of the Population

Families

% of people married
Average household size

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher
Median Earnings25+
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification
Median Earnings With High School Degree

Wealth

Median Family Income
% Above Poverty Level
% Below Poverty Level

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time
% Working from Home
% Walking and Biking to Work
% Using Public Transportation

Housing

People Living Alone
Median Gross Rent
Median House Value

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)
US/American
English
Irish

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Mcallen Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 121 miles SW of Corpus Christi, Texas
County Hidalgo
Metro Area McAllen - Edinburg - Mission
Standard Zip Codes 78501, 78503, 78504
P.O. Box Zip Codes 78502, 78505
Phone Area Codes 956
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 26.203
Longitude -98.229

Mcallen Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station MCALLEN
Distance 1.3 miles
Jan Temp 48 to 69 F
Apr Temp 64 to 85 F
Jul Temp 75 to 96 F
Oct Temp 65 to 86 F
Annual Precip 22.6 inches
Station MC COOK
Distance 21.6 miles
Jan Temp 47 to 69 F
Apr Temp 63 to 86 F
Jul Temp 74 to 98 F
Oct Temp 64 to 87 F
Annual Precip 21.6 inches
Station SANTA ROSA 3 WNW
Distance 23 miles
Jan Temp 48 to 69 F
Apr Temp 63 to 85 F
Jul Temp 75 to 96 F
Oct Temp 64 to 86 F
Annual Precip 21.4 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Mcallen, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Bonner (78505)

Kane (78505)

McColl (78505)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Alamo 18,943 $42,574
Granjeno 288 $64,000
Hidalgo 13,287 $43,281

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Mcallen Public Libraries

Library
Mcallen Memorial Library
601 N MAIN ST
Mcallen, Texas
(956) 682-4531
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Mcallen Hospitals

MCALLEN MEDICAL CENTER/ HEART HOSPITAL
(Proprietary)
1900 SO D ST
(936) 632-4000
Emergency Service: Yes

RIO GRANDE REGIONAL HOSPITAL
(Proprietary)
101 E RIDGE RD
(956) 632-6000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Mcallen High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

MEMORIAL HIGH SCHOOL
101 E HACKBERRY AVE
956-632-5201
A Title I School.
Serves 2,014 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13

MCALLEN HIGH SCHOOL
2021 LA VISTA AVE
956-632-3100
A Title I School.
Serves 1,974 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.7

ROWE HIGH SCHOOL
2101 N WARE RD
956-632-5100
A Title I School.
Serves 1,893 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12

LAMAR ACADEMY
1009 N 10TH ST
956-632-3222
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 295 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.8

MID-VALLEY ACADEMY-MCALLEN
200 N 17TH ST
956-565-5417
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
Serves 202 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 106.3

SENTRY TECHNOLOGY PREP SCHOOL
612 N MCCALL
956-682-3436
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
Serves 163 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 27.2

CHILDREN OF THE SUN CHARTER SCHOOL
RAYMONDVILLE/RIO GRANDE CITY
956-682-3436
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 87 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 43.5

CHILDREN OF THE SUN CHARTER SCHOOL
RAYMONDVILLE/RIO GRANDE CITY
956-488-8883
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 76 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 38

INSTR/GUID CENTER
1619 GALVESTON AVE
956-971-4393
A Non-traditional School
Serves 67 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 5.2

SOUTHWEST KEY PROGRAM
2000 N 23RD ST
956-688-6123
A Non-traditional School
Serves 5 students.

J J A E P
3900 N 23RD
956-289-2300
A Non-traditional School
Serves 2 students.

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