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Overview

Introduction to Texarkana, Texas

Texarkana, Texas, in Bowie county, is 64 miles N of Shreveport, Louisiana (center to center) and 165 miles E of Dallas, Texas.

Texarkana History

The community was named "Texarkana" because of its location near the state lines of Texas, Arkansas, and Louisiana. However, other sources claim that the name was taken from an 1860 steamboat called "Texarkana," or from a drink known as "Texarkana Bitters." This region was originally the site of a Caddo Indian village, and the Great Southwest Trail connected it to other villages of the Mississippi River country, the South, and the West. The city of Texarkana was officially established on December 8, 1873, and was granted a charter in 1876. By the late 1890s, Texarkana already had an electric light plant, gas works, waterworks, a cotton oil mill, streetcar lines, schools, foundries, a sewer system, and a hotel. It became one of Southwest's major railroad centers in the mid-1900s.

Texarkana and Nearby Attractions

  • Discovery Place
  • Museum of Regional History
  • Old Washington Historic State Park
  • Clinton Birthplace
  • Caldwell Zoo
  • Atlanta State Park

Things To Do In Texarkana

Texarkana is home to the Discovery Place which features permanent exhibits including a general store, a costume theater, a biology laboratory, and a sound wall. The Museum of Regional History, also in the city, showcases artifacts reflecting the region's agriculture, early industry, and World War II history. On the other hand, Tex-Ark Antique Auto Museum houses autos and related pieces from the Texarkana area. The city also offers easy access to places of historic interest like Old Washington Historic State Park, and Clinton Birthplace. Atlanta State Park, and Millwood State Park offer facilities for the enjoyment of fishing, boating, biking, swimming, hiking, picnicking, and camping. Some of the other popular destinations in the region are Caldwell Zoo, Garvan Woodland Gardens, Magic Springs Theme Park, National Park Aquarium, and Tyler Municipal Rose Garden. The city of Texarkana also hosts annual events like the Four States Fair & Rodeo, and Quadrangle Festival.

Texarkana Transportation

Shreveport Regional Airport is the nearest major airport.

Texarkana Higher Education

Texarkana is home to the Texas A&M University Texarkana, and Texarkana College. University of Arkansas Community College at Hope is also close by.

People

Total Population37,088
Male Share of the Population48.6%
Female Share of the Population51.4%
Senior Citizens14.2%
Employed Population 16+14,199
Age of the Population35

Families

% of people married41.3%
Average household size3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher24.9%
Median Earnings25+$30,191
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$15,205
Median Earnings With High School Degree$24,621

Wealth

Median Family Income$49,866
% Above Poverty Level77.2%
% Below Poverty Level22.8%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time16 minutes
% Working from Home1.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work1.7%
% Using Public Transportation1.2%

Housing

People Living Alone30.3%
Median Gross Rent$706
Median House Value$106,400

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)38.7%
US/American0%
English5.8%
Irish9.1%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Texarkana Almanac

CategoryValue
Nearest Medium City 64 miles N of Shreveport, Louisiana (center to center)
Nearest Large City165 miles E of Dallas, Texas
CountyBowie
Metro AreaTexarkana
Standard Zip Codes75501, 75503
P.O. Box Zip Codes75504, 75505
Company Zip Codes75507, 75599
Phone Area Codes903
Time ZoneCentral (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight SavingsThe city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude33.425
Longitude-94.047

Texarkana Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationTEXARKANA
Distance2.1 miles
Jan Temp31 to 53 F
Apr Temp50 to 75 F
Jul Temp72 to 93 F
Oct Temp52 to 77 F
Annual Precip51.2 inches
StationTEXARKANA WEBB FIELD
Distance3.2 miles
Jan Temp36 to 53 F
Apr Temp54 to 75 F
Jul Temp73 to 93 F
Oct Temp55 to 77 F
Annual Precip47.3 inches
StationOKAY
Distance24.8 miles
Jan Temp33 to 54 F
Apr Temp52 to 76 F
Jul Temp72 to 93 F
Oct Temp53 to 77 F
Annual Precip50.5 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Texarkana, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

South Texarkana (75501)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Hooks2,757$36,000

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Texarkana Public Libraries

Library
Texarkana Public Library
600 W 3RD ST
Texarkana, Texas
(903) 794-2149

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Texarkana Hospitals

WADLEY REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1000 PINE STREET
(903) 798-8000
Emergency Service: Yes

CHRISTUS ST MICHAEL HEALTH SYSTEM
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
2600 ST MICHAEL DR
(903) 614-1000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Texarkana High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

TEXAS H S
2112 KENNEDY LN
903-794-3891
Serves 1,430 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.4

LIBERTY-EYLAU H S
2905 LEOPARD DR
903-832-1535
Serves 657 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.4

PLEASANT GROVE H S
5406 MCKNIGHT
903-832-8005
Serves 621 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.2

OPTIONS
4241 SUMMERHILL RD
903-793-5632
A Non-traditional School
Serves 98 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 28

ALTER SCH
2901 LEOPARD DR
903-831-5767
A Non-traditional School
Serves 85 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.5

JUVENILE JUSTICE DETENTION CTR
2901 LEOPARD DR
903-838-8725
A Non-traditional School
Serves 54 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 27

LINCOLN STREET ALTER
3201 LINCOLN ST
903-794-2175
A Non-traditional School
Serves 51 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.4

Texarkana Colleges

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