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Overview

Introduction to Charlottesville, Virginia

The central Virginia city of Charlottesville is nestled at the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains, approximately 70 miles northwest of Richmond and 100 miles southwest of Washington, D.C. Established as a town in 1762 and incorporated as an independent city in 1888, Charlottesville is autonomous and not subservient to any county or other political subdivision. Major highways through Charlottesville are U.S. Route 250, U.S. Route 29, and Interstate 64.

Charlottesville is home to the University of Virginia, which was founded in 1819 by native son Thomas Jefferson. Consistently listed among the top ten public universities nationwide, the university is a strong factor in the city's community life and serves as the area's focal point for cultural and sporting events. Steeped in historic value, the Charlottesville area lays claim to having raised three ex-Presidents (Jefferson, Woodrow Wilson, and James Madison), whose former homes are now historic sites and architectural wonders which attract thousands of visitors every year.

Owing largely to the presence of the university, the technology industry is a continuously growing staple of the local economy. More traditional industries like agriculture are also prominent in the region, which embodies nearly 200,000 acres of orchards, vineyards, and cattle farms. The region's fastest growing industry is the grape business. Local wines and vineyards are nationally recognized and the area is highly ranked among the country's wine producers. Another significant local industry is horse farming, as evidenced by the more than 13,000 horses stabled in the city and surrounding county.

Things to do and see in Charlottesville

Nearly two million travelers per year visit the Charlottesville area to see the area’s historic sites and take in the spectacular scenery of Central Virginia. Perched on a nearby mountain overlooking the city is Monticello, the former home of Thomas Jefferson, which offers tours and hosts special events and ceremonies. Only a mile down the road from Monticello is Ash Lawn-Highland, former home of James Monroe. Here visitors can explore beautiful gardens and enjoy the Ash Lawn Opera Festival, which offers six to eight weeks of full-length opera and musical theatre productions. About 45 minutes north of Charlottesville is Montpelier, the former home of James and Dolly Madison. This is a 2,750-acre estate that includes racecourses, a National Landmark Forest, active archaeological sites, and more than 130 buildings.

Charlottesville and surrounding Albemarle County are a paradise for nature lovers. Skyline Drive and The Blue Ridge Parkway offer breathtaking views of valleys and mountains to tourists who don't even need to leave their cars. Hikers can enjoy the many short and long trails which wind through the woods off these roads. Charlottesville is also home to a large number of parks with playgrounds, picnic areas, public tennis courts, and swimming pools. Other popular area activities are hot air balloon rides, golf at world-class resorts, and tours of one of the many local vineyards in the area, a few of which are listed here:

  • Cardinal Point Vineyard and Winery
  • DelFosse Vineyards and Winery
  • Jefferson Vineyards
  • Kluge Estate Winery & Vineyard

Charlottesville has an active art, music and theater scene. The Downtown Mall, one of the longest outdoor pedestrian malls in the country, is the location of the Virginia Discovery Museum. A 3,500 seat Charlottesville Pavilion Amphitheater attracts big name acts to the area. The newly renovated Paramount Theater hosts Broadway shows and concerts by nationally-known entertainers. The city also hosts an annual Virginia Festival of the Book, and is home to many prominent writers including John Grisham and Rita Mae Brown, as well as former home to Edgar Alan Poe and William Faulkner.

Charlottesville has no professional sports teams, but local sports fans are captivated by the University of Virginia Cavaliers, who have a wide fan base across the region. Cavalier football games are played in Scott Stadium, which is also used as a venue for large concerts. The John Paul Jones Arena, which opened in 2006, is where the University of Virginia basketball teams play their games. This stadium is one of the largest in the Atlantic Coast Conference. Not surprisingly, The University of Virginia has an active athletic rivalry with Virginia Tech. An even older rivalry (often referred to as "The South's Oldest Rivalry") exists between the Cavaliers and the University of North Carolina (UNC) Tar Heels.

Horseracing fans can enjoy the exciting world of steeplechase racing, held every fall and spring at The Foxfield Races.

Demographics

People

Total Population46,487
Male Share of the Population48%
Female Share of the Population52%
Senior Citizens10.4%
Employed Population 16+24,218
Age of the Population31

Families

% of people married31.9%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher51.4%
Median Earnings25+$38,263
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$24,637
Median Earnings With High School Degree$25,582

Wealth

Median Family Income$76,173
% Above Poverty Level75.5%
% Below Poverty Level24.5%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time18 minutes
% Working from Home6.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work15.6%
% Using Public Transportation7.7%

Housing

People Living Alone34.6%
Median Gross Rent$1,089
Median House Value$277,800

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)34%
German11.3%
English11.2%
Irish9.3%
Italian4.1%
Scottish3.5%
French Except Basque2.5%
African2.1%
Polish1.8%
Welsh1.3%
Russian1.2%
Arab1.2%
Swedish1%
Dutch1%
Norwegian0.8%
Swiss0.6%
West Indian0.5%
Hungarian0.5%
Canadian0.5%
Afghan)0.4%
Greek0.4%
Ukrainian0.4%
Jamaican0.4%
Lebanese0.3%
Slovak0.3%
Somali0.3%
Lithuanian0.3%
Kenyan0.3%
Turkish0.2%
Austrian0.2%
Romanian0.2%
Brazilian0.2%
Czech0.2%
Croatian0.2%
Portuguese0.2%
US/American0.1%
Egyptian0.1%
South African0.1%
Iraqi0.1%
Syrian0.1%
Danishn0.1%
Finnish0.1%
Iranian0.1%
Belgian0.1%
Slovene0.1%
Estonian0.1%
Ghanaian0.1%
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Charlottesville Almanac

CategoryValue
County Albemarle County, Charlottesville City, Charlottesville city
Standard Zip Codes22901, 22911, 22902, 22903, 22904
P.O. Box Zip Codes22905, 22906
Company Zip Codes22907, 22908, 22909, 22910
Phone Area Codes434
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude38.09
Approximate Longitude-78.56

Charlottesville Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationCHARLOTTESVILLE 2 W
Distance1.7 miles
Jan Temp26 to 45 F
Apr Temp45 to 69 F
Jul Temp66 to 88 F
Oct Temp47 to 70 F
Annual Precip48.8 inches
StationBREMO BLUFF
Distance23.8 miles
Jan Temp22 to 44 F
Apr Temp40 to 70 F
Jul Temp65 to 88 F
Oct Temp42 to 70 F
Annual Precip42.6 inches
StationSTAUNTON SEWAGE PLANT
Distance34.2 miles
Jan Temp21 to 41 F
Apr Temp38 to 63 F
Jul Temp61 to 83 F
Oct Temp39 to 65 F
Annual Precip38.8 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Gordonsville1,545$67,772
Grottoes2,734$64,121
Scottsville580$75,125
Stanardsville312$38,750
Waynesboro21,620$56,536

Charlottesville Public Libraries

Jefferson-madison Regional Library
201 EAST MARKET STREET
Charlottesville, Virginia
(434) 979-7151

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More Information for Librarians

Charlottesville Hospitals

Charlottesville Surgical Center
2050 Abbey Road, Suite D
(434) 974-7200
Uva Kluge Childrens Rehabilitation Center
(Proprietary)
2270 Ivy Road
(434) 924-5161
Monticello Community Surgery Center, Llc
595 Martha Jefferson Parkway, Suite 290
(434) 293-4995
Uva Health Sciences Center
2965 Ivy Road
(434) 244-2000
Uva Medical Center
Jefferson Park Ave.
(800) 251-3627
University Of Virginia Medical Center
(Government - State)
1215 Lee Street
(434) 924-0210
Martha Jefferson Hospital
(Non-profit)
500 Martha Jefferson Dr.
(434) 982-7000
Martha Jefferson Outpatient Surgery Center
(Non-profit)
595 Peter Jefferson Parkway
(434) 293-4995
Osteopathic Surgical Centers
(Government - State)
2050 Abbey Road
(434) 974-7200
Uva Healthsouth Rehabilitation Hospital
(Proprietary)
515 Ray C. Hunt Drive
(434) 244-2000

Charlottesville Public Schools

Agnor-hurt Elem
3201 Berkmar Drive
ZIP: 22901
(434) 973-5211
Primary
Total Enrollment 502
Albemarle High
2775 Hydraulic Road
ZIP: 22901
(434) 975-9300
High
Total Enrollment 1974
Burnley-moran Elem
1300 Long Street
ZIP: 22901
(434) 245-2413
Primary
Total Enrollment 392
Charlottesville High
1400 Melbourne Road
ZIP: 22901
(434) 245-2410
High
Total Enrollment 1179
Charlottesville-albemarle Tech
1000 East Rio Rd
ZIP: 22901
(434) 973-4461
Greenbrier Elem
2228 Greenbrier Drive
ZIP: 22901
(434) 245-2415
Primary
Total Enrollment 377
Jack Jouett Middle
210 Lambs Lane
ZIP: 22901
(434) 975-9320
Middle
Total Enrollment 598
Mary Carr Greer Elem
190 Lambs Lane
ZIP: 22901
(434) 973-8371
Primary
Total Enrollment 607
Meriwether Lewis Elem
1610 Owensville Road
ZIP: 22901
(434) 293-9304
Primary
Total Enrollment 427
Piedmont Reg Ed/ivy Creek
227 Lambs Lane
ZIP: 22901
(434) 975-9420
Woodbrook Elem
100 Woodbrook Drive
ZIP: 22901
(434) 973-6600
Primary
Total Enrollment 328
Blue Ridge Juvenile Detention Home
195 Peregory Ln.
ZIP: 22902
(434) 951-9340
Clark Elem
1000 Belmont Avenue
ZIP: 22902
(434) 245-2414
Primary
Total Enrollment 362
Monticello Governor's Health Sciences Academy
1400 Independence Way
ZIP: 22902
(434) 244-3100
Monticello High
1400 Independence Way
ZIP: 22902
(434) 244-3100
High
Total Enrollment 1101
Paul H Cale Elem
1757 Avon Street Extended
ZIP: 22902
(434) 293-7455
Primary
Total Enrollment 667
Albemarle County Community Public Charter
901 Rose Hill Drive
ZIP: 22903
(434) 972-1607
Middle
Total Enrollment 44
Buford Middle
1000 Cherry Avenue
ZIP: 22903
(434) 245-2411
Middle
Total Enrollment 509
Charlottesville Alternative
715 Henry Avenue
ZIP: 22903
(434) 245-2406
Charlottesville Hosp. Ep.
Kluge Children's Rehab Center, 2270 Ivy Road
ZIP: 22903
(434) 924-5437
Other
Jackson P Burley Middle
901 Rose Hill Drive
ZIP: 22903
(434) 295-5101
Middle
Total Enrollment 558
Jackson-via Elem
508 Harris Road
ZIP: 22903
(434) 245-2416
Primary
Total Enrollment 328
Johnson Elem
1645 Cherry Avenue
ZIP: 22903
(434) 245-2417
Primary
Total Enrollment 340
Leslie H Walton Middle
4217 Red Hill Road
ZIP: 22903
(434) 977-5615
Middle
Total Enrollment 355
Murray High
1200 Forest Street
ZIP: 22903
(434) 296-3090
High
Total Enrollment 105
Venable Elem
406 14th Street Nw
ZIP: 22903
(434) 245-2418
Primary
Total Enrollment 341
Virginia L Murray Elem
3251 Morgantown Road
ZIP: 22903
(434) 977-4599
Primary
Total Enrollment 264
Walker Upper Elem
1564 Dairy Road
ZIP: 22903
(434) 245-2412
Middle
Total Enrollment 528
Baker-butler Elem
2740 Proffit Road
ZIP: 22911
(434) 974-7777
Primary
Total Enrollment 627
Hollymead Elem
2775 Powell Creek Drive
ZIP: 22911
(434) 973-8301
Primary
Total Enrollment 513
Mortimer Y Sutherland Middle
2801 Powell Creek Drive
ZIP: 22911
(434) 975-0599
Middle
Total Enrollment 584
Stone Robinson Elem
958 North Milton Road
ZIP: 22911
(434) 296-3754
Primary
Total Enrollment 443

Charlottesville Private Schools

Charlottesville Catholic School
1205 Pen Park Rd
ZIP: 22901
Elementary
Total Enrollment 322
Charlottesville Waldorf School
120 Waldorf School Rd
ZIP: 22901
Elementary
Total Enrollment 139
Montessori School Of Charlottesville
631 Cutler Ln
ZIP: 22901
Elementary
Total Enrollment 10
Faith Christian Academy
221 Carlton Road
ZIP: 22902
Elementary
Total Enrollment 17
First Baptist Early Childhood Development Center
735 Park St
ZIP: 22902
Elementary
Total Enrollment 40
Peabody School
1232 Stoney Ridge Rd
ZIP: 22902
Elementary
Total Enrollment 120
Renaissance School
418 E Jefferson St
ZIP: 22902
Secondary
Total Enrollment 31
Tandem Friends School
279 Tandem Ln
ZIP: 22902
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 195
The Covenant School
175 Hickory St
ZIP: 22902
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 486
The International School Of Charlottesville
830 Monticello Ave
ZIP: 22902
Elementary
Total Enrollment 24
Village School
215 E High St
ZIP: 22902
Elementary
Total Enrollment 76
Jefferson Trail Treatment Center For Children
2101 Arlington Blvd
ZIP: 22903
Secondary
Total Enrollment 23
Lafayette School & Treatment Center
3020 Fontaine Avenue Extended
ZIP: 22903
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 12
Miller School Of Albemarle
1000 Samuel Miller Loop
ZIP: 22903
Secondary
Total Enrollment 158
St Anne's-belfield School
2132 Ivy Rd
ZIP: 22903
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 818
University Montessori School
1034 Reservoir Rd
ZIP: 22903
Elementary
Total Enrollment 13
Virginia Institute Of Autism
1414 Westwood Rd
ZIP: 22903
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 29
Frost Montessori School
1553 Delphi Dr
ZIP: 22911
Elementary
Total Enrollment 14
Mountaintop Montessori School
440 Pinnacle Pl
ZIP: 22911
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 136
Sources :
Additional Details
Charlottesville Colleges
Charlottesville colleges and trade schools.
Charlottesville Careers
Charlottesville career and employment information.
Study Online in Charlottesville
Historic Charlottesville

photo

Monticello (the home of Thomas Jefferson, Charlottesville c1905.

Select a photo to view (Source):

Monticello (the home of Thomas Jefferson, Charlottesville c1905.

Inauguration Day (University of Virginia) c1905.

Rouss physical laboratory (University of Virginia) c1905

Additional Resources
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