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Overview

Introduction to Harrisonburg, Virginia

The independent city of Harrisonburg is located in Virginia's Shenandoah Valley. The city is served by two major highways: U.S. Route 33 and U.S. Route 11, with local access to Interstate 81. Harrisonburg is home to both James Madison University and Eastern Mennonite University.

The origins of the city can be traced back to 1779, when local landowner Thomas Harrison deeded two and a half acres of his land to Rockingham County, which then used the property to build the first courthouse on what is still Court Square. The following year an additional 50 acres of Harrison's estate were added and Harrisonburg was recognized as the county seat. The city played an active role in the Civil War, being passed through by both Union and Confederate troops. Although Harrisonburg and Virginia were part of the Confederacy, the city's representatives in Richmond opposed secession. In 1916 Harrisonburg was incorporated as an independent city. Today, the city is a processing center in a dairy, livestock, and poultry area (Rockingham County is known as the poultry capital of the world), whose other industries include computers, clothing, paper and metal products, building materials, and machinery.

Harrisonburg Attractions

Harrisonburg offers attractions and amenities for all members of the family, including museums, caverns, corn mazes, farmer's markets, and historical sites. The Hardesty Higgins House is the historic home of Harrisonburg's first mayor, Isaac Hardesty. Harrisonburg Children’s Museum features a theater, a farmer’s market, a country kitchen, and many workshops for kids. Natural Chimneys offers an array of family activities including camping, biking, and swimming. Augusta County's Grand Caverns has its own unique recreational opportunities with cavern tours, picnicking, and hiking. "Back Home on the Farm" is the name of a 3.5 acre corn maze located less than five minutes from the city. Other local attractions include:

  • Edith J. Carrier Arboretum
  • D. Ralph Hostetter Museum of Natural History
  • Suter Science Center
  • M.T. Brackbill Planetarium
  • Daniel Harrison House
  • Harrisonburg Fire Museum
  • James Madison University Meteorite Collection
  • Menno Simons Historical Library & Archives
  • Miller Kite House
  • Plains District Memorial Museum
  • Port Republic Museum
  • Valley Brethren-Mennonite Heritage Center
  • Valley Turnpike Museum
  • The Virginia Quilt Museum
  • Endless Caverns
  • Luray Caverns
  • Shenandoah Caverns

Harrisonburg has no major league professional sports teams (neither does the state of Virginia), but a local baseball staple is the Harrisonburg Turks of the Valley Baseball League. The Valley League is an NCAA sanctioned baseball league in the Shenandoah Valley, many of whose alumni have moved on to play in Major League Baseball. The Turks franchise, whose name is based on Rockingham County's reputation as a poultry center, traces its history to before World War II, when the team was part of the Class C Virginia League. After the war, Harrisonburg entered its team in the Massanutten League before getting into the stronger Valley League in 1950. The team then was semi-professional, but since 1961 the league has been sanctioned by the NCAA and its teams are limited to players with college eligibility. The Valley League teams recruit only the top players, which is why college players from around the country jump at the opportunity to be invited to play on one of the Valley League teams. The Valley Baseball League has been called "Gateway to the Majors" because of the large number of players who have gone on to compete in the majors. Notable Turks alumni include Chicago Cubs outfielder Juan Pierre.

Demographics

People

Total Population51,979
Male Share of the Population47.8%
Female Share of the Population52.2%
Senior Citizens8.1%
Employed Population 16+24,289
Age of the Population24

Families

% of people married27.8%
Average household size3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher36.2%
Median Earnings25+$28,232
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$22,391
Median Earnings With High School Degree$22,792

Wealth

Median Family Income$55,073
% Above Poverty Level66.9%
% Below Poverty Level33.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time16 minutes
% Working from Home3.1%
% Walking and Biking to Work9.7%
% Using Public Transportation2.8%

Housing

People Living Alone28.9%
Median Gross Rent$834
Median House Value$197,400

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)30%
German15.8%
Irish8.2%
English6.8%
Italian4.5%
Arab2.3%
Polish2.3%
Scottish1.8%
Swiss1.8%
French Except Basque1.5%
Russian1.1%
African1%
Ukrainian0.8%
Dutch0.8%
Iraqi0.7%
Swedish0.6%
Iranian0.5%
Hungarian0.5%
Welsh0.5%
Norwegian0.5%
Canadian0.4%
Ethiopian0.3%
Greek0.3%
Palestinian0.2%
Austrian0.2%
Czech0.2%
Guyanese0.1%
Moroccan0.1%
Lebanese0.1%
Portuguese0.1%
Brazilian0.1%
Danishn0.1%
Lithuanian0.1%
Finnish0.1%
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Harrisonburg Almanac

CategoryValue
County Harrisonburg city, Harrisonburg City
Standard Zip Codes22801, 22802, 22803
Company Zip Codes22807
Phone Area Codes540
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude38.43
Approximate Longitude-78.87

Harrisonburg Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationDALE ENTERPRISE
Distance2.9 miles
Jan Temp20 to 41 F
Apr Temp38 to 64 F
Jul Temp62 to 85 F
Oct Temp41 to 66 F
Annual Precip36.1 inches
StationTIMBERVILLE 3 E
Distance16.4 miles
Jan Temp22 to 43 F
Apr Temp40 to 67 F
Jul Temp63 to 87 F
Oct Temp42 to 69 F
Annual Precip35.1 inches
StationSTAUNTON SEWAGE PLANT
Distance21.5 miles
Jan Temp21 to 41 F
Apr Temp38 to 63 F
Jul Temp61 to 83 F
Oct Temp39 to 65 F
Annual Precip38.8 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Bridgewater5,906$74,091
Broadway3,795$54,237
Dayton1,633$59,375
Elkton2,793$56,046
Grottoes2,751$61,107
Mount Crawford419$70,625

Harrisonburg Public Libraries

Massanutten Regional Library
174 S. MAIN STREET
Harrisonburg, Virginia
(540) 434-4475

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Harrisonburg Hospitals

Rockingham Memorial Hospital
2010 Health Campus Drive
(540) 689-1000
Rockingham Memorial Hospital
(Non-profit)
235 Cantrell Avenue
(540) 689-1000

Harrisonburg Public Schools

Harrisonburg H. S. Governor's Stem Academy
One Court Square
ZIP: 22801
(540) 437-3302
Harrisonburg High
1001 Garbers Church Road
ZIP: 22801
(540) 433-2652
High
Total Enrollment 1520
Keister Elem
100 Maryland Avenue
ZIP: 22801
(540) 434-6585
Primary
Total Enrollment 510
Massanutten Tech Ctr
325 Pleasant Valley Rd
ZIP: 22801
(540) 434-5961
Mountain View Elem
2800 Rawley Pike
ZIP: 22801
(540) 438-1965
Primary
Total Enrollment 503
Pleasant Valley Elem
215 Pleasant Valley Rd
ZIP: 22801
(540) 434-4557
Primary
Total Enrollment 244
Spotswood Elem
400 Mountain View Drive
ZIP: 22801
(540) 434-3429
Primary
Total Enrollment 438
Stone Spring Elem
1575 Peach Grove Ave
ZIP: 22801
(540) 574-1199
Primary
Total Enrollment 509
Thomas Harrison Middle
1311 W. Market Street
ZIP: 22801
(540) 434-1949
Middle
Total Enrollment 813
Lacey Spring Elem
8621 North Valley Pike
ZIP: 22802
(540) 433-7819
Primary
Total Enrollment 249
Skyline Middle
470 Linda Lane
ZIP: 22802
(540) 434-6862
Middle
Total Enrollment 788
Smithland Elem
474 Linda Lane
ZIP: 22802
(540) 434-6075
Primary
Total Enrollment 510
Waterman Elem
451 Chicago Ave
ZIP: 22802
(540) 434-8352
Primary
Total Enrollment 545

Harrisonburg Private Schools

Berea Christian School
1351 Garbers Church Rd
ZIP: 22801
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 107
Good Shepherd School & Daycare-2
342 Neff Ave
ZIP: 22801
Elementary
Total Enrollment 26
Woodland Montessori School
1350 Peach Grove Ave
ZIP: 22801
Elementary
Total Enrollment 22
Calvary Christian Academy
6083 Mount Clinton Pike
ZIP: 22802
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 66
Cornerstone Christian School
197 Cornerstone Dr
ZIP: 22802
Elementary
Total Enrollment 117
Eastern Mennonite High School
801 Parkwood Dr
ZIP: 22802
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 384
Emu Early Learning Center
1600 College Ave
ZIP: 22802
Elementary
Total Enrollment 3
Shenandoah Academy
1000 Chicago Ave
ZIP: 22802
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 33
Sources :
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