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Overview

Introduction to Roanoke, Virginia

Roanoke is situated in the Roanoke Valley, west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The city is known as the "Star City of the South" and features the prominent Roanoke Star on Mill Mountain. The Appalachian Trail, the Blue Ridge Parkway and a wine making region are nearby. The Roanoke River runs through the town. The city is a major center for health care and retail businesses for the region.

History

The town was founded in 1852 and was known as Big Lick. The name was selected due to the huge outcropping of salt in the area. Big Lick was chosen as a railroad junction which significantly increased the population and stimulated the economy. In 1884 the town was established as Roanoke. During the Colonial era the city was a prominent location for trails and roads. The Great Wagon Road was one of the busiest roads during the 18th Century and ran through Roanoke.

The Norfolk and Western Railway company produced steam locomotives in Roanoke and employed thousands of workers. The locomotives were manufactured in the city until 1953. Manufacturing companies moved to the city primarily due to the railroad. Regarding land, the city significantly expanded during the middle portion of the 20th Century due to annexation. Roanoke was once a prominent area for the garment industry.

Transportation

The city is served by the Roanoke Regional Airport. The Valley Metro provides bus transportation.

Attractions

  • The Center in the Square contains the History Museum of Western Virginia, the Science Museum of Western Virginia as well as the Hopkins Planetarium
  • Virginia Museum of Transportation features locomotives which were constructed in the city
  • Grandin Village
  • Mill Mountain Star
  • Texas Tavern
  • Roanoke's Historical Fire Station #1
  • St. Andrews Parish, State and National Landmark
  • Roanoke Historic Farmers Market
  • Hotel Roanoke is a historic building
  • The Jefferson Center is a historic performance center
  • Mabry Mill

Activities and Entertainment

The surrounding area offers excellent opportunities for boating, fishing, camping and hiking. Some of the popular locations for activities and entertainment include:

  • Appalachian Trail
  • Virginia's Explore Park
  • Smith Mountain Lake
  • Blue Ridge Parkway
  • Mill Mountain Zoo
  • Roanoke Civic Center
  • George Washington & Jefferson National Forest
  • Commonwealth Games of Virginia
  • Mill Mountain Theater

College

Higher education opportunities are provided at Roanoke College, Hollins University, Virginia Western Community College and the Jefferson College of Health Sciences.

Demographics

People

Total Population99,329
Male Share of the Population47.8%
Female Share of the Population52.2%
Senior Citizens14.9%
Employed Population 16+46,264
Age of the Population38

Families

% of people married38.4%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher22.9%
Median Earnings25+$29,861
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$15,782
Median Earnings With High School Degree$24,322

Wealth

Median Family Income$50,223
% Above Poverty Level77.8%
% Below Poverty Level22.2%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time20 minutes
% Working from Home2.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work3.2%
% Using Public Transportation3.3%

Housing

People Living Alone36.8%
Median Gross Rent$748
Median House Value$133,000

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)38.3%
German10.4%
Irish10%
English8.4%
Italian1.8%
Scottish1.7%
African1.6%
French Except Basque1.4%
Polish1.4%
West Indian1.3%
Dutch1.2%
Haitian0.8%
Arab0.7%
Swedish0.6%
Welsh0.5%
Norwegian0.5%
Russian0.4%
Canadian0.3%
Jamaican0.3%
Greek0.3%
Danishn0.2%
Swiss0.2%
Lebanese0.2%
Ethiopian0.2%
Hungarian0.2%
Belgian0.1%
Austrian0.1%
Egyptian0.1%
Ukrainian0.1%
Barbadian0.1%
Turkish0.1%
Jordanian0.1%
Czech0.1%
Liberian0.1%
Croatian0.1%
Lithuanian0.1%
Portuguese0.1%
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Roanoke Almanac

CategoryValue
County Roanoke City, Roanoke city, Roanoke County
Standard Zip Codes24011, 24012, 24013, 24014, 24015, 24016, 24017, 24018, 24019
P.O. Box Zip Codes24001, 24002, 24003, 24004, 24005, 24006, 24007, 24008, 24009, 24010, 24022, 24023, 24024, 24025, 24026, 24027, 24028, 24029, 24030, 24031, 24032, 24033, 24034, 24035, 24036, 24037, 24038, 24020
Company Zip Codes24040, 24042, 24043, 24050, 24155, 24157
Phone Area Codes540
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude37.27
Approximate Longitude-79.95

Roanoke Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationROANOKE WOODRUM AP
Distance3.4 miles
Jan Temp27 to 45 F
Apr Temp44 to 68 F
Jul Temp65 to 88 F
Oct Temp45 to 69 F
Annual Precip42.4 inches
StationBLACKSBURG
Distance26.2 miles
Jan Temp21 to 41 F
Apr Temp37 to 63 F
Jul Temp60 to 83 F
Oct Temp38 to 65 F
Annual Precip42.6 inches
StationUNION 3 SSE
Distance37.4 miles
Jan Temp19 to 40 F
Apr Temp36 to 63 F
Jul Temp58 to 84 F
Oct Temp37 to 66 F
Annual Precip36.1 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Boones Mill149$61,786
Buchanan1,094$63,333
Fincastle421$66,250
Salem25,290$66,511
Troutville520$56,563
Vinton8,170$56,131

Roanoke Public Libraries

Botetourt County Library
28 AVERY ROW
Roanoke, Virginia
(540) 977-3433
Roanoke City Public Library
706 S. JEFFERSON ST.
Roanoke, Virginia
(540) 853-2476
Roanoke County Public Library
6303 MERRIMAN ROAD S.W.
Roanoke, Virginia
(540) 772-7507

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More Information for Librarians

Roanoke Hospitals

Carilion Roanoke Memorial Hospital
(Proprietary)
1906 Bellview Ave
(540) 981-7000
Roanoke Ambulatory Surgery Center
1102 Jefferson Street Se
(540) 342-0710
Fairlawn Surgical Center
2030 Stephenson Avenue
(540) 904-6170
Carilion Roanoke Community Hospital
(Proprietary)
101 Elm Avenue Se
(540) 981-7750
Carilion Brambleton Ambulatory Surgical Center
(Non-profit)
3707 Brambleton Ave #2
(540) 725-7800

Roanoke Public Schools

Noel C. Taylor Academy At Oakland
3229 Williamson Road Nw
ZIP: 24012
(540) 853-1461
Roanoke Valley Juvenile Detention Home
498 Coyner Springs Rd.
ZIP: 24012
(540) 561-3858
Breckinridge Middle
3901 Williamson Rd Nw
ZIP: 24012
(540) 853-2251
Middle
Total Enrollment 561
Lincoln Terrace Elem
1802 Liberty Rd Nw
ZIP: 24012
(540) 853-2994
Primary
Total Enrollment 290
Monterey Elem
4501 Oliver Rd Ne
ZIP: 24012
(540) 853-2933
Primary
Total Enrollment 600
Round Hill Elem
2020 Oakland Boulevard
ZIP: 24012
(540) 853-2756
Primary
Total Enrollment 633
Preston Park Elem
3142 Preston Avenue, Nw
ZIP: 24012
(540) 853-2996
Primary
Total Enrollment 447
Fallon Park Elem
502 19th St Se
ZIP: 24013
(540) 853-2535
Primary
Total Enrollment 699
Morningside Elem
1716 Wilson Avenue, Se
ZIP: 24013
(540) 853-2991
Primary
Total Enrollment 294
Stonewall Jackson Middle
1004 Montrose Ave Se
ZIP: 24013
(540) 853-6040
Middle
Total Enrollment 579
Clearbrook Elem
5205 Franklin Rd
ZIP: 24014
(540) 772-7555
Primary
Total Enrollment 344
Garden City Elem
3718 Garden City Blvd Se
ZIP: 24014
(540) 853-2971
Primary
Total Enrollment 326
Crystal Spring Elem
2620 Carolina Ave Sw
ZIP: 24014
(540) 853-2976
Primary
Total Enrollment 351
Mt. Pleasant Elem
3216 Mt Pleasant Blvd
ZIP: 24014
(540) 427-1879
Primary
Total Enrollment 351
Woodrow Wilson Middle
1813 Carter Rd Sw
ZIP: 24015
(540) 853-2358
Middle
Total Enrollment 474
Fishburn Park Elem
3057 Colonial Ave Sw
ZIP: 24015
(540) 853-2931
Primary
Total Enrollment 293
Virginia Heights Elem
1210 Amherst Ave Sw
ZIP: 24015
(540) 853-2937
Primary
Total Enrollment 363
Patrick Henry High
2102 Grandin Rd Sw
ZIP: 24015
(540) 853-2255
High
Total Enrollment 1926
Grandin Court Elem
2815 Spessard Ave Sw
ZIP: 24015
(540) 853-2867
Primary
Total Enrollment 345
James Madison Middle
1160 Overland Rd Sw
ZIP: 24015
(540) 853-2351
Middle
Total Enrollment 605
Wasena Elem
1125 Sherwood Ave Sw
ZIP: 24015
(540) 853-2914
Primary
Total Enrollment 256
Roanoke Valley Gov. Sch.
2104 Grandin Rd Sw
ZIP: 24015
(540) 853-2116
Hurt Park Elem
1525 Salem Ave Sw
ZIP: 24016
(540) 853-2986
Primary
Total Enrollment 380
Highland Park Elem
1212 5th St Sw
ZIP: 24016
(540) 853-2963
Primary
Total Enrollment 361
Lucy Addison Aerospace Magnet Middle
1220 5th Street Nw
ZIP: 24016
(540) 853-2681
Middle
Total Enrollment 595
William Fleming High
3649 Ferncliff Ave Nw
ZIP: 24017
(540) 853-2781
High
Total Enrollment 1560
Roanoke Academy For Math & Science Elem
1616 Nineteenth Street, Nw
ZIP: 24017
(540) 853-2751
Primary
Total Enrollment 470
Westside Elem
1441 Westside Blvd Nw
ZIP: 24017
(540) 853-2967
Primary
Total Enrollment 774
Forest Park Academy
2730 Melrose Avenue, Nw
ZIP: 24017
(540) 853-2923
Fairview Elem
648 Westwood Blvd Nw
ZIP: 24017
(540) 853-2978
Primary
Total Enrollment 467
Hidden Valley Middle
4902 Hidden Valley School Rd
ZIP: 24018
(540) 772-7570
Middle
Total Enrollment 597
Cave Spring Middle
4880 Brambleton Ave
ZIP: 24018
(540) 772-7560
Middle
Total Enrollment 742
Back Creek Elem
7130 Bent Mountain Rd
ZIP: 24018
(540) 772-7565
Primary
Total Enrollment 320
Cave Spring Elem
5404 Springlawn Ave
ZIP: 24018
(540) 772-7558
Primary
Total Enrollment 479
Penn Forest Elem
6328 Merriman Rd
ZIP: 24018
(540) 772-7590
Primary
Total Enrollment 479
Green Valley Elem
3838 Overdale Rd
ZIP: 24018
(540) 772-7556
Primary
Total Enrollment 472
Cave Spring High
3712 Chaparral Dr
ZIP: 24018
(540) 772-7550
High
Total Enrollment 988
Hidden Valley High
5000 Titan Trail
ZIP: 24018
(540) 776-7320
High
Total Enrollment 1022
Oak Grove Elem
5005 Grandin Rd Extension
ZIP: 24018
(540) 772-7580
Primary
Total Enrollment 463
Mountain View Elem
5901 Plantation Circle
ZIP: 24019
(540) 561-8175
Primary
Total Enrollment 395
Northside High
6758 Northside High School Rd
ZIP: 24019
(540) 561-8155
High
Total Enrollment 1005
Bonsack Elem
5437 Crumpacker Dr
ZIP: 24019
(540) 977-5870
Primary
Total Enrollment 415
Burlington Elem
6533 Peters Creek Rd
ZIP: 24019
(540) 561-8165
Primary
Total Enrollment 435
Northside Middle
6810 Northside High School Rd
ZIP: 24019
(540) 561-8145
Middle
Total Enrollment 711
Glen Cove Elem
5901 Cove Rd
ZIP: 24019
(540) 561-8135
Primary
Total Enrollment 454
Reg Alternative Plus Self Project/roanoke City
40 Douglass Avenue
ZIP: 24031
(540) 853-1391

Roanoke Private Schools

Community High School
302 2nd St Sw
ZIP: 24011
Secondary
Total Enrollment 46
Parkway Christian Academy
3230 King St Ne
ZIP: 24012
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 324
Roanoke Adventist Preparatory School
4120 Challenger Ave
ZIP: 24012
Elementary
Total Enrollment 10
First Baptist Church Child Development Center
515 3rd St Sw
ZIP: 24016
Elementary
Total Enrollment 3
New Vista Montessori School
541 Luck Ave Sw Ste 110
ZIP: 24016
Elementary
Total Enrollment 7
Roanoke Catholic School
621 N Jefferson St
ZIP: 24016
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 450
Faith Christian School
3585 Buck Mountain Rd
ZIP: 24018
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 298
North Cross School
4254 Colonial Ave
ZIP: 24018
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 439
Roanoke Valley Christian Schools
6520 Williamson Rd
ZIP: 24019
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 319
Blue Ridge Autism & Achievement Center
312 Whitwell Dr
ZIP: 24019
Elementary
Total Enrollment 37
Life Academy & Life After School
7422 Deer Branch Rd
ZIP: 24019
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 104
Community School
7815 Williamson Rd
ZIP: 24019
Elementary
Total Enrollment 106
Hopetree Academy
862 Mt Vernon Ave
ZIP: 24153
Secondary
Total Enrollment 28
Sources :
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