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Overview

Introduction to Pasco, Washington

Pasco is situated in the southeastern portion of the state of Washington in Franklin County. The rain shadow of the Cascade Mountains has produced a desert climate, with hot summer months and cold winters. The Columbia River runs along the southern portion of Pasco and separates it from the other members of the Tri-Cities, Richland and Kennewick.

Due to extensive irrigation, agriculture is a major part of the economy. The region includes a thriving wine industry. Some of the primary employers are Burlington Northern, Bechtel National Inc., Boise Cascade and Tyson Foods. The region has a basalt and lava landscape which is sprinkled with a vast amount of sage brush.

History

In 1805 the Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived in the region. Fur trappers as well as gold traders were prominent. The population significantly increased due to the arrival of the Northern Pacific Railway. The city was incorporated in 1891. Virgil Bogue, an employee of the NP Railway named the city in tribute to Cerro de Pasco, a town located in the Peruvian Andes where he had been involved in constructing a railroad. In 1941 the Grand Coulee Dam project was completed, which led to a vast irrigation system and a thriving agriculture industry.

During the 1950's the construction of the Hanford Site, a nuclear power facility, brought rapid growth to the Tri-Cities area, but most of the population growth occurred in Richland and Kennewick. However, during the late 1990's, developers anticipated another growth spurt and acquired a large amount of farm land and turned it into residential and commercial areas. Since then, Pasco has become the highest populated municipality in the Tri-Cities.

Activities

The Sacagawea Heritage Trail is an educational path which is utilized for bicycle riding, hiking and bird watching. Several waterfront parks are located near the Columbia River. Boating, fishing, camping, hiking and water skiing are popular activities at the Columbia River. Badger Mountain is a notable location for hikers and offers great views of the Yakima and Columbia River valleys.

Due partially to the climate, especially the mild winters, golf is a popular activity. Visitors enjoy the region's wine tours. There are more than 100 wineries. Boat tours take visitors to the Hanford Reach which features the notable White Bluffs and a variety of wildlife. River cruises along the Columbia River are also available.

Attractions

  • Pasco's Farmers Market attracts visitors from all over the region
  • Fiery Foods Festival showcases the flourishing Hispanic culture
  • The Tri-City Dust Devils play baseball in the Northwest League
  • The Trade Recreational Agricultural Center is utilized for conventions, concerts and various sports events.
  • Tri-City Americans play hockey
  • Columbia River Exhibition of History, Science & Technology Museum is a notable venue
  • The Sacagawea State Park marks the location where the Lewis and Clark Expedition camped at the convergence of the Snake and Columbia Rivers
  • The Washington State Railroad Society's museum offers a look at the early history of Pasco
  • Tri-Cities Water Follies features exciting hydroplane racing

Transportation

The city is home to the Tri-Cities Airport.

Demographics

People

Total Population70,607
Male Share of the Population51.4%
Female Share of the Population48.6%
Senior Citizens7.9%
Employed Population 16+31,049
Age of the Population29

Families

% of people married49.5%
Average household size3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher17.3%
Median Earnings25+$33,161
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$22,013
Median Earnings With High School Degree$30,119

Wealth

Median Family Income$63,468
% Above Poverty Level83.5%
% Below Poverty Level16.5%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time22 minutes
% Working from Home2.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work0.7%
% Using Public Transportation0.6%

Housing

People Living Alone20.2%
Median Gross Rent$851
Median House Value$176,800

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)59.2%
German10.1%
English5.4%
Irish4.6%
Swedish2%
Norwegian1.9%
French Except Basque1.4%
Scottish1.4%
Polish1%
Dutch1%
Danishn1%
Italian0.9%
African0.8%
Portuguese0.5%
Welsh0.4%
US/American0.4%
Russian0.4%
Somali0.3%
Ukrainian0.3%
Canadian0.3%
Romanian0.2%
Finnish0.2%
Czech0.2%
Turkish0.1%
Swiss0.1%
Greek0.1%
Arab0.1%
Palestinian0.1%
Australian0.1%
Austrian0.1%
Croatian0.1%
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Pasco Almanac

CategoryValue
County Franklin County
Standard Zip Codes99301
P.O. Box Zip Codes99302
Phone Area Codes509
Time ZoneAmerica/Los_Angeles
Approximate Latitude46.41
Approximate Longitude-118.9

Pasco Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationKENNEWICK
Distance1.6 miles
Jan Temp28 to 40 F
Apr Temp42 to 66 F
Jul Temp61 to 89 F
Oct Temp42 to 66 F
Annual Precip8 inches
StationRICHLAND
Distance9.6 miles
Jan Temp26 to 40 F
Apr Temp40 to 65 F
Jul Temp59 to 88 F
Oct Temp40 to 65 F
Annual Precip7.5 inches
StationELTOPIA 8 WSW
Distance11.3 miles
Jan Temp25 to 39 F
Apr Temp38 to 65 F
Jul Temp55 to 86 F
Oct Temp39 to 64 F
Annual Precip8.8 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Benton City3,257$62,254
Kennewick78,858$63,372
Mesa424$52,250
Richland53,991$91,623
West Richland13,797$98,049

Pasco Hospitals

Lourdes Medical Center
(Non-profit)
520 4th Ave N
(509) 547-7704

Pasco Public Schools

Captain Gray Early Learning Center
1102 N 10th Ave, Booth Building
ZIP: 99301
(509) 547-2474
Primary
Total Enrollment 520
Chiawana High School
8125 W Argent Rd, Booth Bldg
ZIP: 99301
(509) 543-6786
High
Total Enrollment 2393
Edwin Markham Elementary
4031 Elm Road
ZIP: 99301
(509) 543-6790
Primary
Total Enrollment 290
Ellen Ochoa Middle School
1801 E Sheppard St
ZIP: 99301
(509) 543-6742
Middle
Total Enrollment 1014
Emerson Elementary
1616 W Octave St
ZIP: 99301
(509) 543-6792
Primary
Total Enrollment 550
James Mcgee Elementary
4601 N Horizon Drive
ZIP: 99301
(509) 547-6583
Primary
Total Enrollment 770
Longfellow Elementary
301 North 10th Avenue
ZIP: 99301
(509) 547-2429
Primary
Total Enrollment 563
Mark Twain Elementary
1801 N Road 40
ZIP: 99301
(509) 543-6794
Primary
Total Enrollment 670
Maya Angelou Elementary
6001 Road 84
ZIP: 99301
(509) 543-6748
Primary
Total Enrollment 856
Mcloughlin Middle School
2803 N Road 88
ZIP: 99301
(509) 547-4542
Middle
Total Enrollment 1799
New Horizons High School
3110 Argent Road
ZIP: 99301
(509) 543-6796
Other
Total Enrollment 267
Pasco Early Childhood
1215 W Lewis
ZIP: 99301
(509) 543-6703
Primary
Total Enrollment 46
Pasco Senior High School
1108 N 10th Avenue
ZIP: 99301
(509) 547-5581
High
Total Enrollment 1989
Robert Frost Elementary
1915 North 22nd Avenue
ZIP: 99301
(509) 543-6795
Primary
Total Enrollment 595
Rosalind Franklin Stem Elementary
6010 Road 52
ZIP: 99301
(360) 725-6000
Primary
Total Enrollment 816
Rowena Chess Elementary
715 N 24th Ave
ZIP: 99301
(509) 543-6789
Primary
Total Enrollment 618
Ruth Livingston Elementary
2515 Road 84
ZIP: 99301
(509) 546-2688
Primary
Total Enrollment 731
Star Elem School
24180 Pasco-kahlotus Rd.
ZIP: 99301
(509) 547-2704
Primary
Total Enrollment 5
Stevens Middle School
1120 N 22nd Avenue
ZIP: 99301
(509) 543-6798
Middle
Total Enrollment 991
Virgie Robinson Elementary
125 S. Wehe Ave
ZIP: 99301
(509) 543-6086
Primary
Total Enrollment 878
Whittier Elementary
616 N Wehe Avenue
ZIP: 99301
(509) 543-6750
Primary
Total Enrollment 744

Pasco Private Schools

Kingspoint Christian School
7900 W Court St
ZIP: 99301
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 174
Riverview Baptist Christian Schools
4921 W Wernett Rd
ZIP: 99301
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 143
St Patrick's Catholic School
106 N 14th Ave
ZIP: 99301
Elementary
Total Enrollment 217
Tri-cities Prep
9612 Saint Thomas Dr
ZIP: 99301
Secondary
Total Enrollment 162
Tri-city Junior Academy
4115 W Henry St
ZIP: 99301
Combined Elementary And Secondary
Total Enrollment 132
Sources :
Additional Details
Pasco Colleges
Pasco colleges and trade schools.
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