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Overview

Introduction to Yakima, Washington

Yakima is located in the county and valley named Yakima. It is considered to be one of the premier apple growing regions in the world and is the largest producer of hops in the country. The name of the city comes from the Yakama Indians. Wine tours of the local wine region are popular.

History

The Yakama Indians were the original inhabitants of the valley. In 1805 the Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived and became aware of the rich soil and the vast amount of wildlife. The discovery led to homesteaders moving to the region. In 1855 the problems between the settlers and the Indians prompted the Yakama Indian War. The U.S. Army prevailed and the Indians were required to live on a Indian reservation. In 1884, due to the Northern Pacific Railroad deciding not to construct a railroad in the county, more than 100 buildings were transported by rollers to the new train station. The new town was named North Yakima and then later changed to Yakima in the year 1918.

Culture and Festivals

The Yakima Valley Museum showcases exhibits of the area's geology and historic events. Theatrical productions are offered at numerous facilities including the historic Capitol Theater and Sessions Performance Hall and the Westside's Warehouse Theater. A wide variety of music and events take place at the Yakima Sundome. Yakima Area Arboretum is a noteworthy attraction. The local symphony orchestra entertains the residents and visitors. Numerous festivals take place in the city including the Central Washington State Fair, Yakima Folklife Festival and the Fresh Hop Ale Festival.

Attractions

  • Central Washington Fairgrounds
  • Yakima County Stadium
  • Marquette Stadium
  • McAllister Museum of Aviation
  • Indian Painted Rock State Park
  • Yakima Sportsman State Park
  • Boulder Cave
  • Yakima Nation Cultural Center

Sports

The city is home to a minor league baseball team, the Yakima Sun Kings of the Continental Basketball Association, the Yakima Speedway and the Central Washington State Fair Raceway.

Transportation

The city is provided air flights by the McAllister Field.

Economy

During the 20th Century agriculture, including a wide variety of fruit crops, was the primary factor for the economy. The downtown area has seen the departure of retail stores and others types of businesses. However, beginning around the year 2000 numerous noteworthy businesses have moved downtown. The soil in the region has been favorably compared to the soil in France, which has resulted in a vast number of wineries being established.

People

Total Population 93,261
Male Share of the Population 49.8%
Female Share of the Population 50.2%
Senior Citizens 13.9%
Employed Population 16+ 37,707
Age of the Population 33

Families

% of people married 44.3%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 17.1%
Median Earnings25+ $26,180
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $19,476
Median Earnings With High School Degree $22,491

Wealth

Median Family Income $47,451
% Above Poverty Level 77%
% Below Poverty Level 23%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 17 minutes
% Working from Home 3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.9%
% Using Public Transportation 1.4%

Housing

People Living Alone 30.7%
Median Gross Rent $771
Median House Value $156,700

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 53.1%
US/American 0%
English 7.9%
Irish 7%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Yakima Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 110 miles SE of Seattle, Washington
County Yakima
Metro Area Yakima
Standard Zip Codes 98901, 98902, 98903, 98908
P.O. Box Zip Codes 98904, 98907, 98909
Phone Area Codes 509
Time Zone Pacific (-8 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 46.602
Longitude -120.504

Yakima Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station YAKIMA MUNICIPAL AP
Distance 3.3 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 38 F
Apr Temp 33 to 64 F
Jul Temp 51 to 87 F
Oct Temp 33 to 64 F
Annual Precip 8.2 inches
Station WAPATO
Distance 12.4 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 38 F
Apr Temp 39 to 65 F
Jul Temp 59 to 89 F
Oct Temp 37 to 66 F
Annual Precip 8.1 inches
Station BICKLETON
Distance 42.8 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 36 F
Apr Temp 34 to 56 F
Jul Temp 52 to 81 F
Oct Temp 37 to 60 F
Annual Precip 13.8 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Yakima, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

East Selah (98901)

Fairview (98903)

Fruitvale (98902)

Harwood (98902)

Pomona (98902)

South Broadway (98903)

Sumach (98901, 98903)

Tampico (98902)

Weikel (98902)

West Side (98902)

Yakima Firing Center (98901)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Moxee 3,702 $55,417
Naches 881 $50,096
Selah 7,531 $49,788
Tieton 1,391 $46,645
Union Gap 6,042 $37,543
Wapato 5,075 $31,660

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Yakima Hospitals

YAKIMA REGIONAL MEDICAL AND CARDIAC CENTER
(Proprietary)
110 SOUTH NINTH AVE
(509) 575-5102
Emergency Service: Yes

YAKIMA VALLEY MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
2811 TIETON DRIVE
(509) 575-8000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Yakima High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

EISENHOWER HIGH SCHOOL
702 S 40TH AVE
509-573-2601
A Title I School.
Serves 1,938 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22

DAVIS HIGH SCHOOL
212 S 6TH AVE
509-573-2501
A Title I School.
Serves 1,701 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 21.5

WEST VALLEY HIGH SCHOOL
9206 ZIER RD
509-972-5906
Serves 1,091 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.8

WEST VALLEY JR HIGH
1505 S. 75TH AVE
509-972-5800
Serves 845 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 24.9

EAST VALLEY HIGH SCHOOL
1900 BEAUDRY ROAD
509-573-7420
Serves 720 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20

STANTON ALTERNATIVE SCHOOL
901 W WHITMAN ST
509-573-1201
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 541 students.

YAKIMA VALLEY TECH SKILLS CENTER
1116 S 15TH AVE
509-573-5001
A Vocational School
Serves 70 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 5.8

YAKIMA CO JUVENILE DETENTION
1728 JEROME AVE
509-574-2055
Serves 53 students.

RIDGEVIEW GROUP HOME
1726 JEROME AVE
509-575-2736
Serves 7 students.

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