Introduction to Wheeling, West Virginia

Wheeling is located in Ohio County and belongs to the Pittsburgh Tri-State area. Pennsylvania is located 11 miles from the city. The confluence of Wheeling Creek and the Ohio River is located in the downtown area. Wheeling Island is recognized as part of the city.


Wheeling was established by Colonel Ebenezer Zane in 1769. The city developed near Fort Henry. During the 1880s Wheeling became a popular town due to thriving business activity near the Ohio River. The National Road, was the country's first roadway and the construction was authorized by an act of Congress. The National Road made it to the city in 1818. Wheeling was recognized as a town in 1795 and was incorporated in 1836.

Iron and steel mills were constructed along the Ohio River in the latter portion of the 19th century and became a major part of the economy. The production of iron nails was a significant factor in the local economy and the city became recognized as the "nail capital of the world." Wheeling was also home to thriving glass works and cigar factories. Due to the flourishing industries and a vast working population, Wheeling was one of the wealthiest per capita cities in the country near the end of the 19th century. The prosperity of the city during that time is conveyed in the attractive mansions which are still standing in the town.


Wheeling is one of the top cities in the country regarding total amount of Victorian architectural structures. A vast amount of the buildings have been restored. The Eckhart House is recognized as the "Crown Jewel" of Wheeling and most of the building's original architectural features are still intact.

  • West Virginia Independence Hall
  • Wheeling Suspension Bridge
  • Wheeling Heritage Port
  • Toy and Train Museum
  • Wheeling Island Racetrack and Gaming Center
  • Wheeling Heritage Trail
  • National Imperial Glass Museum
  • Victoria Vaudeville Theatre
  • Prabhupada's Palace of Gold
  • Grave Creek Mound Historical Site
  • Oglebay Institute Glass Museum


I-70 runs through the city and connects Wheeling to Columbus and Pittsburgh. Wheeling is served by the Pittsburgh International Airport. The city is also the location of a small general aviation field.

Higher Education

Wheeling Jesuit University and West Virginia Northern Community College are situated in the city. West Liberty State College as well as Bethany College are in the vicinity of Wheeling.


Total Population 27,894
Male Share of the Population 47.9%
Female Share of the Population 52.1%
Senior Citizens 21.2%
Employed Population 16+ 12,084
Age of the Population 45


% of people married 41.7%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 29.6%
Median Earnings25+ $30,495
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $14,858
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,088


Median Family Income $57,077
% Above Poverty Level 81.7%
% Below Poverty Level 18.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 20 minutes
% Working from Home 3.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 6.2%
% Using Public Transportation 2.2%


People Living Alone 42.4%
Median Gross Rent $560
Median House Value $98,800


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 13.8%
US/American 0%
English 9.6%
Irish 21.1%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Wheeling Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 46 miles SW of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
County Ohio
Metro Area Wheeling
Standard Zip Codes 26003
Phone Area Codes 304
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.063
Longitude -80.721

Wheeling Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.2 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 38 F
Apr Temp 39 to 63 F
Jul Temp 64 to 85 F
Oct Temp 44 to 66 F
Annual Precip 40.3 inches
Distance 16.2 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 37 F
Apr Temp 38 to 63 F
Jul Temp 62 to 84 F
Oct Temp 42 to 65 F
Annual Precip 39.4 inches
Station CADIZ
Distance 20.3 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 34 F
Apr Temp 40 to 60 F
Jul Temp 63 to 82 F
Oct Temp 42 to 63 F
Annual Precip 40.7 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Wheeling, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Elm Grove (26003)

Mozart (26003)

Overbrook (26003)

Warwood (26003)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Benwood 1,363 $41,000
Bethlehem 2,589 $76,000
Glen Dale 1,537 $56,875
McMechen 1,702 $53,047
Triadelphia 640 $41,250
Valley Grove 312 $40,469

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Wheeling Public Libraries

Ohio County Public Library
52 16TH ST.
Wheeling, West Virginia
(304) 232-0244
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Wheeling Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
(304) 243-3000
Emergency Service: Yes

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(304) 234-0123
Emergency Service: Yes

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Wheeling High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,807 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.4

A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 26 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13

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