Overview

Introduction to Wheeling, West Virginia

Wheeling is located in Ohio County and belongs to the Pittsburgh Tri-State area. Pennsylvania is located 11 miles from the city. The confluence of Wheeling Creek and the Ohio River is located in the downtown area. Wheeling Island is recognized as part of the city.

History

Wheeling was established by Colonel Ebenezer Zane in 1769. The city developed near Fort Henry. During the 1880s Wheeling became a popular town due to thriving business activity near the Ohio River. The National Road, was the country's first roadway and the construction was authorized by an act of Congress. The National Road made it to the city in 1818. Wheeling was recognized as a town in 1795 and was incorporated in 1836.

Iron and steel mills were constructed along the Ohio River in the latter portion of the 19th century and became a major part of the economy. The production of iron nails was a significant factor in the local economy and the city became recognized as the "nail capital of the world." Wheeling was also home to thriving glass works and cigar factories. Due to the flourishing industries and a vast working population, Wheeling was one of the wealthiest per capita cities in the country near the end of the 19th century. The prosperity of the city during that time is conveyed in the attractive mansions which are still standing in the town.

Attractions

Wheeling is one of the top cities in the country regarding total amount of Victorian architectural structures. A vast amount of the buildings have been restored. The Eckhart House is recognized as the "Crown Jewel" of Wheeling and most of the building's original architectural features are still intact.

  • West Virginia Independence Hall
  • Wheeling Suspension Bridge
  • Wheeling Heritage Port
  • Toy and Train Museum
  • Wheeling Island Racetrack and Gaming Center
  • Wheeling Heritage Trail
  • National Imperial Glass Museum
  • Victoria Vaudeville Theatre
  • Prabhupada's Palace of Gold
  • Grave Creek Mound Historical Site
  • Oglebay Institute Glass Museum

Transportation

I-70 runs through the city and connects Wheeling to Columbus and Pittsburgh. Wheeling is served by the Pittsburgh International Airport. The city is also the location of a small general aviation field.

Higher Education

Wheeling Jesuit University and West Virginia Northern Community College are situated in the city. West Liberty State College as well as Bethany College are in the vicinity of Wheeling.

Demographics

People

Total Population27,190
Male Share of the Population47.6%
Female Share of the Population52.4%
Senior Citizens22.1%
Employed Population 16+11,887
Age of the Population44

Families

% of people married39.9%
Average household size2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher24.6%
Median Earnings25+$32,321
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification$16,987
Median Earnings With High School Degree$25,475

Wealth

Median Family Income$61,966
% Above Poverty Level84.9%
% Below Poverty Level15.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time19 minutes
% Working from Home3.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work7.2%
% Using Public Transportation1.7%

Housing

People Living Alone42.4%
Median Gross Rent$646
Median House Value$107,700

Ancestry

German25.5%
Irish17.1%
Other(often includes Hispanic and African American)14.5%
English10%
Italian8.9%
Polish6.3%
French Except Basque2%
Arab1.8%
Scottish1.7%
Lebanese1.7%
Dutch1.5%
Welsh1.1%
Czech0.8%
Russian0.8%
Greek0.8%
Slovak0.7%
Hungarian0.7%
Swiss0.6%
Ukrainian0.5%
Austrian0.3%
Finnish0.2%
Swedish0.2%
Croatian0.2%
Lithuanian0.2%
Norwegian0.2%
Slovene0.2%
Romanian0.2%
West Indian0.1%
Jamaican0.1%
Turkish0.1%
Jordanian0.1%
Syrian0.1%
Danishn0.1%
Canadian0.1%
Serbian0.1%
African0.1%
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Wheeling Almanac

CategoryValue
CountyOhio County
Standard Zip Codes26003
Phone Area Codes304
Time ZoneAmerica/New_York
Approximate Latitude40.07
Approximate Longitude-80.69

Wheeling Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

StationWHEELING
Distance1.2 miles
Jan Temp21 to 38 F
Apr Temp39 to 63 F
Jul Temp64 to 85 F
Oct Temp44 to 66 F
Annual Precip40.3 inches
StationWELLSBURG WTR TRMT PL
Distance16.2 miles
Jan Temp20 to 37 F
Apr Temp38 to 63 F
Jul Temp62 to 84 F
Oct Temp42 to 65 F
Annual Precip39.4 inches
StationCADIZ
Distance20.3 miles
Jan Temp18 to 34 F
Apr Temp40 to 60 F
Jul Temp63 to 82 F
Oct Temp42 to 63 F
Annual Precip40.7 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

LocationPopulationMedian Family Income
Benwood1,440$44,917
Bethlehem2,522$87,375
Glen Dale1,505$65,625
McMechen1,915$55,978
Triadelphia779$52,813
Valley Grove383$45,000

Wheeling Public Libraries

Ohio County Public Library
52 16TH ST.
Wheeling, West Virginia
(304) 232-0244

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Wheeling Hospitals

Ohio Valley Medical Center
(Non-profit)
2000 Eoff Street
(304) 234-0120
Peterson Rehabilitation Hospital
(Proprietary)
Homestead Avenue
(304) 234-0500
Wheeling Hospital
(Non-profit)
1 Medical Park
(304) 243-3000

Wheeling Public Schools

Bethlehem Elementary School
22 Chapel Rd
ZIP: 26003
(304) 243-0350
Primary
Total Enrollment 131
Elm Grove Elementary School
85 Mil Acres Dr
ZIP: 26003
(304) 243-0363
Primary
Total Enrollment 437
Hilltop Elementary School
#2 Ram Drive
ZIP: 26003
(304) 232-8640
Primary
Total Enrollment 405
Madison Elementary School
91 Zane St
ZIP: 26003
(304) 243-0366
Primary
Total Enrollment 265
Northern Reg. Juvenile Detention Center
1000 Chapline Street
ZIP: 26003
(304) 233-9506
High
Total Enrollment 16
Ritchie Elementary School
3700 Wood St
ZIP: 26003
(304) 243-0372
Primary
Total Enrollment 323
Sherrard Junior High School
1000 Fairmont Pike
ZIP: 26003
(304) 233-3331
Middle
Total Enrollment 387
Steenrod Elementary School
100 Clarks Ln
ZIP: 26003
(304) 243-0356
Primary
Total Enrollment 304
Triadelphia Middle School
1636 National Rd
ZIP: 26003
(304) 243-0387
Middle
Total Enrollment 443
Warwood School
150 Viking Dr
ZIP: 26003
(304) 243-0394
Primary
Total Enrollment 544
West Liberty Elementary School
745 Van Meter Way
ZIP: 26003
(304) 336-7221
Primary
Total Enrollment 115
Wheeling Middle School
3500 Chapline St
ZIP: 26003
(304) 243-0425
Middle
Total Enrollment 195
Wheeling Park High School
1976 Park View Rd
ZIP: 26003
(304) 243-0400
High
Total Enrollment 1549
Woodsdale Elementary School
1 Bethany Pike
ZIP: 26003
(304) 243-0378
Primary
Total Enrollment 486

Wheeling Private Schools

Augusta Levy Learning Center
99 N Main St
ZIP: 26003
Elementary
Total Enrollment 13
Central Catholic High School
75 14th St
ZIP: 26003
Secondary
Total Enrollment 244
Corpus Christi Elementary School
1512 Warwood Ave
ZIP: 26003
Elementary
Total Enrollment 119
Our Lady Of Peace School
640 Old Fairmont Pike
ZIP: 26003
Elementary
Total Enrollment 197
St Michael Parish School
1221 National Rd
ZIP: 26003
Elementary
Total Enrollment 318
St Vincent De Paul School
127 Key Ave
ZIP: 26003
Elementary
Total Enrollment 153
Wheeling Country Day School
8 Park Rd
ZIP: 26003
Elementary
Total Enrollment 102
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